Weyerhaeuser Book Award

The Forest History Society’s Charles A. Weyerhaeuser Book Award rewards superior scholarship in forest and conservation history. The award is given to authors who have exhibited fresh insight into a topic and whose narrative analysis is clear, inventive, and thought-provoking.

Award Details

To have a book considered for the award, send one copy of the book to the address below. All submissions are added to the FHS Environmental History Bibliography. Every January, a list of books published during the previous year is compiled. Publishers for a select number of books are then requested to submit their book(s) for judging. Ratings from a panel of three judges are then compiled to determine the winner of the book award. Announcement of the winner is made by September. The award committee is comprised of the previous recipient and two other scholars working in the field.

Submit books to:
Weyerhaeuser Award
Attn: Jennifer Watson
2925 Academy Road
Durham, NC 27705

About the Charles A. Weyerhaeuser Book Award
Established in 1977, the FHS Charles A. Weyerhaeuser Book Award honors scholars publishing noteworthy books in the fields of forest and conservation history. In 1991, former FHS Board of Directors member Walter S. Rosenberry III endowed the Society’s awards program. A grateful Board asked him to name the book award as show of appreciation. Rosenberry requested that it be named for his maternal grandfather, Charles A. Weyerhaeuser (1866-1930), who had exhibited a sincere dedication to family and career as well as a strong commitment to service throughout his life.

Recent Recipients

Kuhlberg Book Cover

2023 - Winner

Kuhlberg, Mark. Killing Bugs for Business and Beauty: Canada's Aerial War Against Forest Pests, 1913-1930. (University of Toronto Press, 2022.) His book examines the beginning of Canada’s aerial war against forest insects and how a tiny handful of officials came to lead the world with a made-in-Canada solution to the problem. Shedding light on a largely forgotten chapter in Canadian environmental history, Kuhlberg explores the theme of nature and its agency. The book highlights the shared impulses that often drove both the harvesters and the preservers of trees, and the acute dangers inherent in allowing emotional appeals instead of logic to drive environmental policy-making. It addresses both inter-governmental and intra-governmental relations, as well as pressure politics and lobbying. Including fascinating tales from Cape Breton Island, Muskoka, and Stanley Park, his work clearly demonstrates how class, region, and commercial interest intersected to determine the location and timing of aerial bombings.

Davis Book Cover

2022 - Co-Winner

Davis, Donald Edward. The American Chestnut: An Environmental History. (University of Georgia Press, 2021.) Before 1910 the American chestnut was one of the most common trees in the eastern United States. Although historical evidence suggests the natural distribution of the American chestnut extended across more than four hundred thousand square miles of territory—an area stretching from eastern Maine to southeast Louisiana—stands of the trees could also be found in parts of Wisconsin, Michigan, Washington State, and Oregon.The American Chestnut tells the story of the American chestnut from Native American prehistory through the Civil War and the Great Depression. Davis documents the tree's impact on nineteenth-and early twentieth-century American life, including the decorative and culinary arts. While he pays much attention to the importation of chestnut blight and the tree's decline as a dominant species, the author also evaluates efforts to restore the American chestnut to its former place in the eastern deciduous forest, including modern attempts to genetically modify the species.


2022 - Co-Winner

Zhang, Meng. Timber and Forestry in Qing China: Sustaining the Market . (University of Washington Press, 2021.) In the Qing period (1644–1912), China's population tripled, and the flurry of new development generated unprecedented demand for timber. Standard environmental histories have often depicted this as an era of reckless deforestation, akin to the resource misuse that devastated European forests at the same time. This comprehensive new study shows that the reality was more complex: as old-growth forests were cut down, new economic arrangements emerged to develop renewable timber resources. Historian Meng Zhang traces the trade routes that connected population centers of the Lower Yangzi Delta to timber supplies on China's southwestern frontier. She documents innovative property rights systems and economic incentives that convinced landowners to invest years in growing trees. This carefully constructed study makes a major contribution to Chinese economic and environmental history and to world-historical discourses on resource management, early modern commercialization, and sustainable development.

Seeds of Control Book Cover


Fedman, David. Seeds of Control: Japan's Empire of Forestry in Colonial Korea. (University of Washington Press, 2020.) This book explores Japanese imperialism through the lens of forest conservation in colonial Korea—a project of environmental rule that outlived the empire itself.

Japanese colonial rule in Korea (1905–1945) ushered in natural resource management programs that profoundly altered access to and ownership of the peninsula’s extensive mountains and forests. Under the banner of “forest love,” the colonial government set out to restructure the rhythms and routines of agrarian life, targeting everything from home heating to food preparation. Timber industrialists, meanwhile, channeled Korea’s forest resources into supply chains that grew in tandem with Japan’s imperial sphere. These mechanisms of resource control were only fortified after 1937, when the peninsula and its forests were mobilized for war, and concludes with an examination of the consequences and aftermath of Japanese approaches to Korean "greenification."
Duffy Book Cover

2020 - Co-Winner

Duffy, Andrea E. Nomad's Land: Pastoralism and French Environmental Policy in the Nineteenth-Century Mediterranean World. University of Nebraska Press, 2019. Duffy investigates the relationship between Mediterranean mobile pastoralism and nineteenth-century French forestry through case studies in Provence, French colonial Algeria, and Ottoman Anatolia. By restricting the use of shared spaces, foresters helped bring the populations of Provence and Algeria under the control of the state, and French scientific forestry became a medium for state initiatives to sedentarize mobile pastoral groups in Anatolia. Locals responded through petitions, arson, violence, compromise, and adaptation. Duffy shows that French efforts to promote scientific forestry both internally and abroad were intimately tied to empire building and paralleled the solidification of Western narratives condemning the pastoral tradition, leading to sometimes tragic outcomes for both the environment and pastoralists.

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2020 - Co-Winner

Smith, Kimberly K. The Conservation Constitution: The Conservation Movement and Constitutional Change, 1870-1930. (University Press of Kansas, 2019.) In the mid-nineteenth century, most Progressive Era conservation policies would have been considered unconstitutional. Smith traces how, between 1870 and 1930, the conservation movement reshaped constitutional doctrine to its purpose—how, specifically, courts and lawyers worked to expand government authority to manage wildlife, forest and water resources, and pollution. Her work, which highlights a number of important Supreme Court decisions often overlooked in accounts of this period, brings the history of environmental management more fully into the story of the US Constitution. At the same time, by illuminating the doctrinal innovation in the Progressives’ efforts, her book reveals the significance of constitutional history to an understanding of the government’s role in environmental management.

Aso Book Cover


Aso, Michitake. Rubber and the Making of Vietnam: An Ecological History, 1897-1975. (University of North Carolina Press, 2018.) During a turbulent Vietnamese past, rubber transcended capitalism and socialism, colonization and decolonization, becoming a key commodity around which life and history have revolved. Aso narrates how rubber plantations came to dominate the material and symbolic landscape of Vietnam and its neighbors, structuring the region’s environment of conflict and violence. Tracing the stories of agronomists, medical doctors, laborers, and leaders of independence movements, Aso demonstrates how postcolonial socialist visions of agriculture and medicine were informed by their colonial and capitalist predecessors in important ways. As rubber cultivation funded infrastructural improvements and the creation of a skilled labor force, private and state-run plantations became landscapes of oppression, resistance, and modernity.

BIG SUR Book Cover - Brooks 2018


Brooks, Shelley Alden. Big Sur: The Making of a Prized California Landscape. (University of California Press, 2017.) The area known as Big Sur embodies much of what has defined California since the mid-twentieth century. A remote, inaccessible, and undeveloped pastoral landscape until 1937, Big Sur quickly became a cultural symbol of California and the West, as well as a home to the ultrawealthy. This transformation was due in part to writers and artists such as Robinson Jeffers and Ansel Adams, who created an enduring mystique for this coastline. But Big Sur’s prized coastline is also the product of the pioneering efforts of residents and Monterey County officials who forged a collaborative public/private preservation model for Big Sur that foreshadowed the shape of California coastal preservation in the twenty-first century. Big Sur’s well-preserved vistas and high-end real estate situate this coastline between American ideals of development and the wild. It is a space that challenges the way most Americans think of nature, of people’s relationship to nature, and of what in fact makes a place “wild.” This book highlights today’s intricate and ambiguous intersections of class, the environment, and economic development through the lens of an iconic California landscape.

2017 Book Cover


Catton, Theodore R. American Indians and National Forests. (University of Arizona Press, 2016.) Catton tells the story of how the U.S. Forest Service and tribal nations dealt with sweeping changes in forest use, ownership, and management over the last century and a half. Indians and U.S. foresters came together over a shared conservation ethic on many cooperative endeavors; yet they often clashed over how the nation’s forests ought to be valued and cared for on matters ranging from huckleberry picking and vision quests to road building and recreation development. Marginalized in American society and long denied a seat at the table of public land stewardship, American Indian tribes have at last taken their rightful place and are making themselves heard. Weighing indigenous perspectives on the environment is an emerging trend in public land management in the United States and around the world. The Forest Service has been a strong partner in that movement over the past quarter century.

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Boyer, Christopher. Political Landscapes: Forests, Conservation, and Community in Mexico. (Duke University Press, 2015.) This book makes innovative contributions to the historiography of the Mexican Revolution and post-revolutionary state formation, as well as to Mexico’s environmental history. Based on exhaustive research in regional and national archives, most notably the archive of the forest service, Political Landscapes traces the dynamic between government forestry policy, designed in Mexico City, and indigenous and mestizo villagers in the states of Chihuahua and Michoacán during the twentieth century. Boyer’s thesis is that deforestation in Mexico during the twentieth century was driven by the "politicization" of landscapes. There are many path breaking insights: a history of forests and land enclosure during the regime of Porfirio Díaz (1876-1910); history of scientific forestry and early conservation; revolutionary forestry policy after the Mexican revolution, a topic never before explored; tensions between peasant communities and foresters following the revolution; the development of "community forestry" during the 1930s agrarian reform; state centralization and development and its impact on the forests during the 1950s and 1960s; and, the reemergence of community forestry during the 1980s and 1990s. Boyer’s is the first major history of Mexico’s forests and first discussion of the impact of the revolution and revolutionary state building on forests and rural woodlands communities.



Klubock, Thomas Miller. La Frontera: Forests and Ecological Conflict in Chile’s Frontier Territory. (Duke University Press, 2014.) La Frontera is a century-long, bottom-up view of forest and conservation history in the southern Andes. It balances the views of state foresters/planners with the voices of indigenous communities and rural forest workers as the Chilean landscape transformed from one of the largest native temperate forests in the world into plantation after monocultural plantation of Monterey cypress. This scholarly and sophisticated book is based on a tremendous amount of original research; a benchmark in Latin American environmental history, and model for integrating forest history with social history; and after twelve years of research, including oral histories and archives that had never been used before, it is infused with rich examples and vibrant stories, and ably avoids tropes that glorify peasants or triumphantly celebrate conservationist policies.



Farmer, Jared. Trees in Paradise: A California History. (W.W. Norton and Company, 2013.) This book provides a sweeping history of California told through four iconic trees: redwoods, eucalypt, orange, and palm. It is a history of the horticultural movement that offers new ways to understand how conservationists saw connections between the native and non-native, urban and rural, and private and public. The advancing and retreating fortunes of California’s iconic trees as part of the socio-economic-environmental history are a reminder in Farmer’s telling that landscape is astonishingly artificial. This book has the potential to alter people’s concepts of “natural.” With a masterful weaving of history and ecology, Farmer offers a significant addition to the literature reaching well beyond California, the American West, or even United States historiography.



Turner, James Morton. The Promise of Wilderness: American Environmental Politics since 1964. (University of Washington Press, 2012.) Beginning with the Wilderness Act of 1964, Turner examines the evolution of wilderness preservation in the United States, and its impact on American politics, public lands management, and the growth of the broader environmental movement over the second half of the twentieth century. Judges for the award felt the book took "a new look at the role of wilderness in the American environmental movement, particularly in the ways that 'old' ideas about wilderness continued to influence environmental politics."

Emily Wakild, History, studio portrait


Wakild, Emily. Revolutionary Parks: Conservation, Social Justice, and Mexico's National Parks, 1910-1940. (University of Arizona Press, 2011.) The book demonstrates how the creation of the Mexican national park system was a dual project in conservation and social justice—and thus a revolutionary evolution in nation-building. Wakild asks significant questions about how Mexico became so successful in conservation initiatives during the early 20th century, about why parks became a political priority for the revolutionary government, and how these parks were different from the American model they appeared to emulate. Judges concluded that "the thesis is provocative, the insights into state formation are valuable, and this book adds an important dimension to American park and forest history."



Gregg, Sara M. Managing the Mountains: Land Use Planning, the New Deal, and the Creation of a Federal Landscape in Appalachia. (Yale University Press, 2010.) Gregg examines land-use planning in the Appalachian Mountains region from the 1910s to the 1930s by looking at the development of national forest, park, and agricultural policy prior to and during the New Deal era. Gregg uses case studies in Virginia and Vermont to show land management decision making and how institutions such as the U.S. Forest Service, National Park Service, and Resettlement Administration helped shape the 20th-century Appalachian landscape.



Appuhn, Karl. A Forest on the Sea: Environmental Expertise in Renaissance Venice. (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.) Appuhn takes a look at the central role of wood in Renaissance-era Venice, Italy. A major financial and maritime power during this period, wood was critical for building ships and constructing buildings, maintaining its extensive levee system, and as a fuel and heat source. Access to a reliable supply of it was essential to the survival of the Venetian Republic. The book examines the expansion of state control over regional forest resources during this time period, and the development of forest management and conservation systems.



Maher, Neil. Nature's New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps and the Roots of the American Environmental Movement. (Oxford University Press, 2008.) In this new history the Civilian Conservation Corps in the U.S. during the 1930s and 1940s, Maher looks at the conservation work done by the CCC, the politics behind the program, and the emergence of modern environmentalism. The work is a marked departure from the celebratory histories of the CCC, one of the most successful programs of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal agenda.



Sandlos, John. Hunters at the Margin: Native People and Wildlife Conservation in the Northwest Territories. (University of British Columbia Press, 2007.) Sandlos examines the late 19th-, early-20th century conflict between native hunters and conservationists in Canada's Northwest Territories over three big game species: the wood bison, the musk ox, and the caribou. He argues that the introduction of wildlife conservation was integral to the assertion of state authority over traditional hunting cultures of the Dene and Inuit, and that commercial considerations have played a central role in Canadian wildlife management.