Inventory of the William E. Shands Papers, 1963 – 1994

Descriptive Summary

Abstract: William E. Shands (1934-1994) was a consultant in natural resources conservation and a leading expert in federal forestry policy.

The William E. Shands Papers document his work with the Conservation Foundation, the Pinchot Institute for Conservation, and the Institute for Forest Analysis, Planning, and Policy.

Title: William E. Shands Papers, 1963 - 1994

Creator: Shands, William E.

Repository: Forest History Society Library and Archives

Call Number: 2015-012

Language of Material: Material in English

Extent: 14 linear ft. (14 record cartons)


Biographical Note

William E. Shands (1934-1994) was a consultant in natural resources conservation and a leading expert in federal forestry policy. Shands was a Senior Fellow with the Conservation Foundation, a Senior Associate of the Pinchot Institute for Conservation, and the Vice-President of the Institute for Forest Analysis, Planning, and Policy.

He was educated at San Jose University and the University of Virginia, where he received his master's degree in planning. He worked for five years as an administrative assistant to Congressman James O'Hara, after which he joined the Conservation Foundation and the World Wildlife Fund as a Senior Associate. From 1985 to 1986 he was a staff member of the President's Commission on Americans Outdoors. He was a member and eventually vice president of the Institute for Forest Analysis, Planning, and Policy, and was a fellow of the Pinchot Institute for Conservation.

Shands was an adjunct professor at the University of Virginia from 1991 to 1993 and was an active member of the Society of American Foresters.

He co-authored The Lands Nobody Wanted (1977) with Robert Healy, and was a key leader behind the Duluth Manifesto. He also published many journal articles on forestry policy.


Collection Overview

The William E. Shands Papers document his work with the Conservation Foundation, the Pinchot Institute for Conservation, and the Institute for Forest Analysis, Planning, and Policy. There are also writings and research files, and material from his time as adjunct professor at the University of Virginia.

Collection Arrangement

Series I: Conservation Foundation, 1979-1993.

Subseries A: Forest Service Leadership Development, 1990-1993.

Subseries B: Forest Service Transition.

Subseries C: Land Use Policy and Implementation, 1979-1993.

Subseries D: RPA, 1987-1990.

Subseries E: Timber Sales Program, 1980-1992.

Series II: The Pinchot Institute For Conservation, 1990-1994.

Series III. Targhee Land Management Plan, 1991-1993.

Series IV: Americans Outdoors: The President's Commission, 1986-1987.

Series V: Society of American Foresters, 1981-1991.

Series VI: Writings, 1990-1994.

Series VII: University Affiliations, 1991-1994.

Series VIII: Research Files

Subject Headings

  • Conservation Foundation
  • Ecosystem management
  • Environmental impact analysis
  • Forests and forestry--Research--United States
  • Forest management
  • Forest policy
  • Pinchot Institute for Conservation
  • President's Commission on Americans Outdoors (U.S.)
  • Shands, William E.
  • Society of American Foresters
  • United States. Forest Service


Detailed Description of the Collection

1. Series I: Conservation Foundation, 1979-1993.

This series documents Shands' work on affiliated projects under the auspices of the Conservation Foundation, including the Forest Service Leadership Development workshops, Forest Service Transition publications, Land Use Policy and Implementation plans, RPA, and the Timber Sales Program.

Subseries A. Forest Service Leadership Development, 1990-1993.

While working with the Conservation Foundation, Shands launched what became an influential series of Forest Service leadership development workshops that he took to Forest Service regional offices around the country. These workshops hoped to facilitate the development of new approaches to stakeholder involvement and community-based decision processes in the wake of the "forest planning wars." This was well-received by the Forest Service, and was cut short by his untimely death in 1994. Items include correspondence, memos, meeting minutes, training material, consultant agreements, papers, related articles and clippings, and other files related to the workshops, the public involvement initiative, leadership manuscript, and general leadership research.

  • Box 1, Folder 1-3
    Leadership Workshop, 1992.
  • Box 1, Folder 4
    Leadership Consultant Agreements, 1991.
  • Box 1, Folder 5
    Leadership Training Material, 1993.
  • Box 1, Folder 6
    Leadership Project: memos, meeting minutes, and correspondence, 1991.
  • Box 1, Folder 7-8
    Leadership Manuscript Revision
  • Box 1, Folder 9
    Leadership Presentation slides
  • Box 1, Folder 10-11
    Correspondence, 1991-1993.
  • Box 1, Folder 12-15
    Public Involvement Initiative
  • Box 1, Bound Material
    • Miscellaneous Articles on Leadership (three-ring binder, loose)
    • Fire Island National Seashore Preliminary Report of Findings and Recommendations
    • Forest Land Use Symposium #1 Discussion Paper
  • Box 2, Folder 1-9
    Research Files
  • Box 2, Bound Material
    • Notebook: Leadership, Grey Towers, February 11-13, 1992.
    • R-1 Downsizing: Civil Rights Impact Analysis, 1990-1993.
    • "Lessons for Managers and Consultants," Edgar H. Schein
Subseries B: Forest Service Transition.
  • Box 3, Folder 1-3
    Forest Service Transition
  • Box 3, Folder 4
    Forest Service Transition paper
  • Box 3
    Forest Service Publications
Subseries C: Land Use Policy and Implementation, 1979-1993.
  • Box 3, Folder 5
    Forest Land Use, 1982-1989.
  • Box 3, Folder 6
    Plan Implementation Follow Up, 1989.
  • Box 3, Folder 7
    Planning and Project Papers, 1989 -1992.
  • Box 3, Folder 8
    Butter Creek Ecosystem Management Plan, 1993.
  • Box 3, Folder 9
    Lincoln National Forest: Plan Implementation and Monitoring Spreadsheet, 1987.
  • Box 3, Folder 10
    Southwestern Region Forest Plan Solution
  • Box 3, Bound Material
    • The Lolo National Forest Plan - Record of Decision
    • Putting Plans to Work: A Citizen's Guide to National Forest Plan Implementation
    • Conservation of Rainforests In Southeast Alaska: Report of a Working Group
    • Record of Decision Final Environmental Impact Statement, Land and Resource Management Plan: Huron-Manistee National Forests.
    • Record of Decision Final Environmental Impact Statement, Land and Resource Management Plan: Hiawatha National Forest
    • Grand Island and the Hiawatha National Forest, January 1990.
    • Integrated Resource Management, Second Edition
    • An Issue Report National Forest Policy - From Conflict Toward Consensus by William E. Shands, Perry R. Hagenstein, and Marissa T. Roche
    • Indian 0A - Management Areas
    • Map - Montana Attractions, 1987.
    • Map - Forest Visitors Map: Lolo National Forest, Montana - Principal and Boise Meridians, 1982.
    • Map - Jewel Basin Hiking Area, 1984.
  • Box 15, Folder 1-6
    Forum on National Forest Planning, 1989-1991

    • During 1989 and 1990, The Conservation Foundation and Purdue University conducted a Forum on National Forest Planning as part of a year-long critique by the Forest Service of the national forest planning process. The Forum involved several workshops around the country which included participants from a broad range of forest interest groups. The Forum contributed significantly to the recommendations of the Conservation Foundation/Purdue report entitled, National Forest Planning: Searching for a Common Vision. Files include correspondence, notes, reports, publications, workshop participant lists and other material.
Subseries D: RPA, 1987-1990.

Under a cooperative agreement, the Conservation Foundation conducted a study of the linkages: in law, regulation, and practice - between the RPA Program and national forest land and resources management plans. The foundation was asked to prepare a brief paper on linkages for the draft RPA program, as well as a longer analysis for submission to the Forest Service. Shands was part of the group working on this study. This series holds articles and papers, forest plans, RPA materials from the Forest Service, correspondence, and working drafts of the study papers.

  • Box 3, Folder 11
    Forest Plans - Appeals
  • Box 3, Folder 12
    Forest Planning Linkages
  • Box 3, Folder 13
    Recommendations and Strategic Planning for the RPA Program
  • Box 3, Folder 14
    RPA Outreach
  • Box 3, Folder 15-18
    RPA Workshops
  • Box 4, Folder 1-2
    Budget and Planning
  • Box 4, Folder 3-5
    Papers, drafts, correspondence
  • Box 4, Folder 6
    Programs and booklets
  • Box 4, Folder 7
    Articles and papers
  • Box 4
    RPA Binder
Subseries E: Timber Sales Program, 1980-1992.

This subseries contains materials relating to a research paper written by William Shands and Thomas E. Waddell concerning the Forest Service's Timber Sales Program and the below-cost timber sales controversy. Below-cost timber sales - sales where the federal government makes less from the sale than it cost to build access roads and sell the timber - emerged as a controversy in national forest management as the nation's economy came under stress in the late 1970s. In 1986, the Forest Service asked The Conservation Foundation to look at the below-cost timber sales controversy in the broad context of national forest policy and management. In their research report (1988), Shands and Waddell reviewed the historical background that established the context for the below-sales controversy, explored perceptions of below-cost sales held by forest policy interests and aspects contributing to these sales, and discussed potential initiatives to address the issue in a larger social and managerial context. Materials consist of reports, correspondence, memos, papers, budget information and cost studies, clippings and articles, and various other research files used for the report.

  • Box 4, Folder 8-13
  • Box 4, Folder 14
    Below-cost Sales Paper: research and notes
  • Box 4, Folder 15
    Correspondence, 1990-1992.
  • Box 4, Folder 16
    Congressional Research Service Workshop, 1992.
  • Box 4, Folder 17
    Journal and Newspaper Articles
  • Box 4
    Giving Away the National Forests: An Analysis of U.S. Forest Service Timber Sales Below Cost, 1980.
  • Box 5, Folder 1
  • Box 4, Folder 2-5
    Huron-Manistee National Forest
  • Box 5, Bound Material
    • Below-cost Timber Sales: Conference Proceedings (The Wilderness Society)
    • Timber for Oregon's Tomorrow: 1989 Update
    • Coordinating Elk and Timber Management
    • Report of the president's Advisory Panel on Timber and the Environment
2. Series II: The Pinchot Institute for Conservation, 1990-1994.

The Pinchot Institute for Conservation files hold general correspondence, operating plans, directives for the Grey Towers site, institute historical files, and other material from Shands' time as a senior associate at the institute. The bulk of the material dates from 1990 to 1993. There is material from a conflict at the Mt. Shasta National Park involving access and infrastructure problems at the mountain. Through the auspices of the Pinchot Institute, Shands helped facilitate an agreement between the Forest Service and local organizations such as the Save Mount Shasta Citizen's Group. Through the Pinchot Institute, Shands consulted on the Forest Service's transition paper: "USDA Forest Service: Meeting Society's Changing Needs."

  • Box 5, Folder 6-8
    General, 1990-1994.
  • Box 5, Folder 9
    Strategic Planning, 1993-1994.
  • Box 5, Folder 10
    Grey Towers board book.
  • Box 5, Folder 11
    Grey Towers National Historic Landmark: A Proposed Interpretive Framework .
  • Box 5, Folder 12
    Grey Towers Dedication - September 24, 1963.
  • Box 5, Folder 13-15
    History and pamphlets.
  • Box 5, Folder 16-18
    Mt. Shasta - Hayfork Road Conflict .
  • Box 5, Folder 19
    Mt. Shasta Section 106 Materials .
  • Box 5, Folder 20
    Mt. Shasta - Trinity National Forest agreement and Hayfork Road.
  • Box 5, Folder 21
    • Mt. Shasta miscellaneous.
    • The Lands Nobody Wanted - Eastern National Forests History, 1991.
      • As senior associates at The Conservation Foundation, William Shands and Robert Healy wrote the research report entitled, The Lands Nobody Wanted, published in 1977. This report focused on the fifty eastern national forests in the United States, tracing their history from the time of federal acquisition to modern day use. In 1991, Shands revisited this topic in a paper entitled, The Lands Nobody Wanted: The Legacy of the Eastern National Forests, which he prepared for the National Forest System centennial symposium convened by the Forest History Society. This paper was later republished as a Pinchot Institute Monograph. The materials in this box document Shands' research concerning the history of the eastern national forests for the creation of this paper in 1991. Items include correspondence, reports, papers, clippings, drafts of the paper, notes, memos, and other research files.
  • Box 6, Folder 1-3
    E.N.F. Research Files
  • Box 6, Folder 4
    E.N.F. Research Files - newspaper clippings
  • Box 6, Folder 5-6
    E.N.F. History - miscellaneous
  • Box 6, Folder 7
    The Lands Nobody Wanted
  • Box 6, Folder 8-9
    The Lands Nobody Wanted - drafts
  • Box 6, Folder 10-11
    Region 8 - research files
  • Box 6, Folder 12
    Region 8 - responses
  • Box 6, Folder 13-15
    Region 9 - research files
  • Box 6, Folder 16
    Region 9 - responses
  • Box 6, Folder 17-19
    Mark Twain National Forest - History, Reports, Records
  • Box 6, Folder 20-21
    Timber Sales - White Mountain National Forest
  • Box 6, Folder 22-23
    • Timber Sales Contracts - White Mountain National Forest
    • New Perspectives, 1991-1993.
      • New Perspectives was a 1989 initiative by the U.S. Forest Service which stressed ecosystem management and sustainability and aimed to place timber management in line with other forest values including biodiversity, water quality, and recreation. As a member of the Pinchot Institute, Shands took part in a 1993 conference in which Forest Service leaders opened the agency's fundamental mission and purposes to review and examination. The "New Perspectives" conference contributed to a culture change within the Forest Service, promoting ecological restoration of damaged natural systems as one of the agency's primary purposes and goals. The New Perspectives files hold ecosystem management files from various parks and regions of the forest service, correspondence, project reports, notes, and conference material documenting Shands' work with the Pinchot Institute on reviewing this project.
  • Box 7, Folder 1
    New Perspectives Advisory Committee - Agenda for meeting May 7, 1991.
  • Box 7, Folder 2-5
    New Perspectives Articles and Clippings
  • Box 7, Folder 6
    New Perspectives Challenge Breakdown, March 26, 1992.

    • Outlines challenges, settings, approaches, and results in the early implementation of New Perspectives to various national forests.
  • Box 7, Folder 7
    Correspondence to Regional Foresters

    • Ecosystem Management
  • Box 7, Folder 8
    Blue Mountains
  • Box 7, Folder 9
    Butte Valley National Grassland
  • Box 7, Folder 10
    Eastern Region
  • Box 7, Folder 11
    Ouachita National Forest
  • Box 7, Folder 12
    Intermountain Region (draft), 1992.
  • Box 7, Folder 13-15
    Klamath National Forest
  • Box 7, Folder 16
    Nantahala and Pisgah National Forest
  • Box 7, Folder 17
    Northern Region
  • Box 7, Folder 18
    Pacific Northwest Region
  • Box 7, Folder 19
    Pacific Northwest/Alaska joint strategy
  • Box 7, Folder 20
    Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station
  • Box 7, Folder 21
    Rocky Mountain Region
  • Box 7, Folder 22
    Shawnee National Forest
  • Box 7, Folder 23
    Siskiyou National Forest
  • Box 7, Folder 24
    Southern Region
  • Box 7, Folder 25
    New Perspectives National Conference: Sustaining Ecological Systems. Roanoke, VA. December 3-5, 1991.
  • Box 7, Folder 26

    • Notes by Shands from meetings and strategy sessions.
  • Box 8, Folder 1
    The Pinchot Institute for Conservation - correspondence
  • Box 8, Folder 2
    The Pinchot Institute for Conservation - Report "From New Perspectives to Ecosystem Management: A Report of an Assessment of New Perspectives" by William Shands, Anne Black, and Jim Giltmier, June 1993.
  • Box 8, Folder 3
    New Perspectives Project Report (Draft), March 12, 1992.
  • Box 8, Folder 4
    New Perspectives Project Report. March 17, 1992.
  • Box 8, Folder 5-7
    New Perspectives Report Comments Evaluation, and Reaction

    • Includes correspondence with suggestions from various forestry leaders.
  • Box 8, Publications
    • "A Conceptual Model of the Dimensions of Ecosystem Management" 1993.
    • Kessler, Winifred B. "New Perspectives: Reality or Illusion?" The Conservation Legacy: Newsletter of the Pinchot Institute for Conservation. Issue 16.
    • Stewart, Ronald E. "Forest Service Research Role and Contribution to the Pacific Southwest Region's Environmental Agenda"
    • Wallace, Mary. "Improving the Evaluation of Forest and Natural Resource Policies" Water Resources Research Center
  • Box 8, Folder 12-18
    National Stewardship Conference, 1991.
  • Box 8, Folder 19
    Urban Forestry Project
3. Series III. Targhee Land Management Plan, 1991-1993.

Under the auspices of the Institute of Forest Analysis, Planning, and Policy, Shands was a Citizen's Involvement Group member who helped generate a revision of the Land Management Plan for the Targhee National Forest. Items in this series include correspondence, meeting minutes and agendas, notes, papers, reports, newsletters, clippings and maps; as well as the original Targhee land management plan, environmental impact statement and maps.

  • Box 8, Folder 20-23
    Targhee Forest Plan Revision
  • Box 9, Folder 1-3
    Meetings, 1991-1993.
  • Box 9, Folder 4
    Timber Range Meeting, 1992.
  • Box 9, Folder 5
    Fish and Game Meeting, 1991-1992.
  • Box 9, Folder 6
    Citizens' Involvement Group, 1992.
  • Box 9, Folder 7
    Papers, Reports, Correspondence
  • Box 9, Folder 8
    Press Clippings
  • Box 9, Folder 9
    Targhee Maps
  • Box 9, Folder 10-12
    Analysis of the Management Situation: Draft, May 1992.
  • Box 9, Bound Items
    • "Yellowstone: The Wealth of Nature"
    • "Land Management Plan for the Targhee National Forest"
    • Final Environmental Impact Statement
    • Maps for the Land Management Plan and Final Environmental Impact Statement
4. Series IV: Americans Outdoors: The President's Commission, 1986-1987.

Shands was the Associate Director for Research for the President's Commission on Americans Outdoors from 1985 to 1986. The Commission was charged with reviewing public and private outdoor recreation opportunities, policies, and programs, and making recommendations to ensure the future availability of outdoor recreation for the American people. The Commission produced and published working papers, a formal report, and a volume of case studies. This box contains the commission's working papers, case studies and literature review as well as miscellaneous reports, papers, clippings, and correspondence.

  • Box 9, Folder 13-14
  • Box 10, Folder 1
    News Articles and Clippings
  • Box 10, Bound Items
    • The President's Commission on Americans Outdoors: A Literature Review
    • "The Contribution of Outdoor Recreation to State Economic Development" - Suellen T. Keiner
    • Communications/Awareness Discussions: "We're listening: Important, Nationally Significant Information from Persons Interested in the Forest Service"
    • "Improving Communications and Working Relationships"
    • "Leadership Through Open Decision-making in Communities of Interest" - William E. Shands
    • Outdoor Recreation in a National of Communities - Action Plan for Americans Outdoors
    • Visitor Perceptions of Crowding and Discrimination at Two National Forests in Southern California
    • Discover Your National Forests: An Information Guide for All Interested in America's Outdoors - Fall 1987.
    • Renewable Resources- Recreation in the United States: Supply, Demand, and Critical Policy Issues (American Forestry Association)
    • Mecca Hills: Visitor Research Case Study
    • "A Case Study Analysis of Successful Recreation Partnerships: Implication for National Forest Management" - Division of Forestry at West Virginia University
    • "Outdoor Recreation for America: An assessment twenty years after the report of the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission," 1983.
    • "Toward Serving Visitors and Managing Our Resources: Proceedings of a North American Workshop on Visitor Management in Parks and Protected Areas" - February 14-17, 1989.
    • Vision for the Future: A Framework for Coordination in the Greater Yellowstone Area
    • State of the Parks - 1980. A Report to Congress. National Park Service, May 1980.
    • National Park Service Administrative History: A Guide. 1991.
5. Series V: Society of American Foresters, 1981-1991.

The Society of American Foresters was established in 1900 by Gifford Pinchot. The organization provides access to information and networking opportunities to prepare members for the challenges and the changes that face natural resource professionals. Shands served on various committees of the SAF including, the committee on Forestry Policy, Committee on Procedures and the Endangered Species Committee. This series includes various files and bound documents that are related to Shands' work with the society and associated committees.

  • Box 10, Folder 2
    Leadership Speech Copies
  • Box 10, Folder 3-4
    Planning and Project Papers
  • Box 10, Folder 5
    Professional Recognition
  • Box 10, Folder 6
  • Box 10, Folder 7
  • Box 10, Folder 8-9
    Committee on Forest Policy
  • Box 10, Bound Items
    • Meeting of the Society of American Foresters Committee on Forest Policy, Society of American Foresters National Headquarters Wild Acres. Bethesda, MD Feb 5-6, 1990.
    • Committee on Forest Policy Convention Meeting July 29, 1990.
    • Forest Policy Committee Meeting and "New Forest Tour" Willamette National Forest. August 22-24, 1990.
    • Forest Policy Committee Meeting and Southern Forest Tour. Savannah, GA Feb. 3-5, 1991.
    • Committee on Forest Policy - Convention Meeting August 4, 1991.
    • Meeting of the Society of American Foresters Committee on Forestry. Society of American Foresters National Headquarters, Wild Acres, Bethesda, MD Feb. 7-8, 1992.
    • Manual - January 1987
    • Society of American Foresters Forest Policies and Positions, 1990.
    • Strategic Directions and Priorities
    • Society of American Foresters Forest Policies and Positions, 1991.
    • Society of American Foresters Manual, 1991.
    • Community Stability, Society of American Foresters, 1989.
    • Wilderness Management, Society of American Foresters, 1989.
    • Task Force Report on Biological Diversity in Forest Ecosystems, SAF, 1991.
    • Choices in Silviculture for American Forests, Society of American Foresters, 1981.
6. Series VI: Writings, 1990-1994.

Articles and publications by Shands, as well as correspondence regarding his publication in the Journal of Forestry and some research materials referenced in his articles.

  • Box 11, Folder 1-2
    General, 1991-1993.
  • Box 15, Folder 7
    General, 1990-1991.
  • Box 11, Folder 3
    "Building Communities of Interest" (draft)
  • Box 15, Folder 8-9
    "A Conversation with Marion Clawson: How Times (and Foresters) Have Changed"

    • Article appeared in the Journal of Forestry, Volume 87, Number 1 (May 1989). Folders consist of interview transcript drafts and Shands' notes.
  • Box 11, Folder 4-7
    The Duluth Manifesto

    • The objective of the Duluth Manifesto was to "articulate and champion principles to assure the vitality of forests to help sustain the global environment and economy." This effort received support from the Institute of Forest Analysis, Planning and Policy. The Manifesto circulated throughout the country, collecting the signatures of more than fifteen prominent foresters.
  • Box 11, Folder 8
    "Federal Resource Lands and Their Neighbors"
  • Box 11, Folder 9
    "From New Perspectives to Ecosystem Management"
  • Box 11, Folder 10
    "The Lands Nobody Wanted: The Legacy of the Eastern National Forests"
  • Box 11, Folder 11
    "Leadership Through Open Decision-making In Communities of Interest"
  • Box 11, Folder 12
    "Problems and Prospects at the Urban-Forest Interface"
  • Box 11, Folder 13
    "Reaching Consensus on National Forest Use," 1991.
  • Box 11, Folder 14
    Untitled speech given at the University of Idaho, 1991.
  • Box 11, Folder 15
    Journal of Forestry Correspondence, 1990.
  • Box 11, Folder 16-17
    Research Material
  • Box 11, Folder 18
    Urban Forest Interface Project
7. Series VII: University Affiliations, 1991-1994.

This series holds student evaluations, lecture notes, handouts, and other material from Shands' time as an adjunct professor at the University of Virginia. Courses covered include "Environmental Policy and Planning" and "Strategic Planning for Natural Resources."

  • Box 11, Folder 19
    Course: Environmental Policy and Planning, 1992.
  • Box 11, Folder 20
    Course: Strategic Planning for Natural Resources
  • Box 11, Folder 21-22
    Lecture Notes
  • Box 11, Folder 23-24
    Student Papers - Strategic Planning for Natural Resources, 1991.
  • Box 11, Folder 25
    Team Projects
  • Box 11, Folder 26
    Student Evaluations
  • Box 12, Folder 1-9
  • Box 12, Folder 10
    Virginia Tech College of Forestry and Wildlife Resources Advisory Board, 1994.
8. Series VIII: Research Files.

Subject files collected by Shands over the course of his career for reference purposes.

  • Box 12, Folder 11-24
  • Box 15, Folder 10-12

    • Accompanied by some loose bound material.
  • Box 13, Folder 1-13
    Lake States Research
  • Box 13, Folder 14-17
    Mead Corporation Research
  • Box 14
    Forest Planning and Land Use Files

    • Age of Wood: Progress Through Wood Research. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 1985.
    • The Appalachian Integrated Pest Management Gypsy Moth Demonstration Project, Fiscal Year 1990. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 1990.
    • Application and Use of Forestry Economics by the Forest Service, U.S. Dep't of Agriculture: Report of a Sabbatical Study for Policy Analysis Staff, by Hugh O. Canham, 1991.
    • Are We Heading in the Right Direction? A Survey of USDA Forest Service Employees. Published March 24, 1993.
    • Bridge To Revision: Desk Guide Overview. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 1993.
    • A Citizen's Guide to the Resources Planning Act and Forest Service Planning. Prepared by the Conservation Foundation, William Shands, project director.
    • Common Ground: Changing Values and the National Forests. (Discussion leaders guide and viewer's guide)
    • Considered Opinions: A Collection of Essays About National Park Service Management and Philosophy. Gil Lusk, Superintendent of Glacier National Park. Gray Towers Conservation Fellow, 1991.
    • Countryside Stewardship: Report of the 1987 US/UK Exchange. Published March 1988.
    • Ecosystem Management Strategies for the Northeastern and Midwestern National Forests: A Report to the Chief of the Forest Service. September 1992.
    • Environmental Program for the Future: A Long Term Forestry Plan. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 1974.
    • The Final 1990 RPA Program and the Office of Technology Assessment Critique. A Report to the RPA Staff, U.S. Forest Service. By Perry R. Hagenstein, 1990.
    • Final Report of the Committee of Scientists. Reprint by the National Forest Products Association, 1979.
    • Findings and Options for Public Policy Changes Affecting the 26 Million Acre Northern Forest of Maine, New Hampshire, New York, and Vermont. Northern Forest Lands Council, 1993.
    • Forest Land Use: An Annotated Bibliography of Policy, Economic, and Management Issues. 1970-1980. Published by the Conservation Foundation.
    • Forest Lands of the Northwest: Selecting Among Alternative Uses. Oregon State University.
    • The Forest Plan for a Sustainable Economy and a Sustainable Environment. Office of the President of the United States, 1993.
    • Forest Plan Implementation. Summary of Presentations at the Forest Service Innovator's Conference, 1988.
    • Forest Service Handbook. Missoula, MT. Land and Resource Management Planning.
    • Forest Service Planning, Summary. Office of Technology Assessment. 1992.
    • Forest Service Planning: Accommodating Uses, Producing Outputs, and Sustaining Ecosystems. Office of Technology Assessment. 1992.
    • Forest Service Planning: Setting Strategic Direction Under RPA. Office of Technology Assessment. 1990.
    • Forests for America's Future: A Research Program for the 1990s. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1989.
    • Forests of the Future? A Report by the Wilderness Society on National Forest Planning. The Wilderness Society. Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy. Published by the University of Tennessee Energy, Environment and Resources Center and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1991.
    • The Future of Large Private Forest Tracts in the Adirondacks and Implications for Open Space. Hagenstein, Perry. 1983.
    • Implementation of National Forest Planning: The Impact of the Federal Budget Process. V. Alaric Sample. Yale University, 1989.
    • An Introduction to Major Natural Resource Issues in the 103rd Congress. Natural Resources Section, Environment and Natural Resources Policy Division. 1993.
    • Investing in Research: A Proposal to Strengthen the Agricultural, Food, and Environmental System. National Research Council. 1989.
    • National Forest Planning and the National Forest Management Act of 1976: An Annotated Bibliography 1976-1986. Compiled and edited by Donald J. Ellis and Jo Ellen Force.
    • The Northern Forest Lands: A Strategy for Their Future. A report of the Governors' Task Force on Northern Forest Lands. 1990.
    • Public Participation in National Forest Management: A Primer With a Focus on the Huron-Manistee National Forests. By Andrew M. Barton. Prepared for the Sierra Club, Mackinac Chapter. 1991.
    • The Lands Nobody Wanted: The Legacy of the Eastern National Forests. William E. Shands. A Pinchot Institute Monograph. 1991.
    • Proceedings of the 18th IUFRO World Congress: Economic Value Analysis of Multiple-Use Forestry. Compiled by Fred Kaiser and Perry Brown, 1987.
    • National Forest Planning: Searching for a Common Vision. A Report by the Conservation Foundation in Cooperation with Purdue University Department of Forestry and Natural Resources. 1990.
    • National Forest Policy: From Conflict Towards Consensus. By William Shands, Perry Hagenstein, and Marissa Roche. A Publication of the Conservation Foundation.
    • Performance Report: Natural Resources and Environment Policy and Program Area, 1981-1988. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment. January, 1989.
    • Sierra Club Bulletin. April, 1972. Includes article "The Future of Chesapeake Bay" by William Shands and Ruth Mathes.
    • Subdividing Rural America: Impacts of Recreational Lot and Second Home Development. Prepared for the Council on Environmental Quality, 1976.
    • The Subdivision of Virginia's Mountains: The Environmental Impact of Recreational Subdivisions in the Massanutten Mountain-Blue Ridge Area, Virginia, a Survey and Report. Published by the Central Atlantic Environment Center. 1974.
    • The Timber Bridge Initiative, Fiscal Year 1990. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 1990.
    • Wildlife Conservation and New Residential Developments: Proceedings of a National Symposium on Urban Wildlife. Edited by Kathryn Stenberg and William W. Shaw. 1986.
    • The Yankee Forest: A Prospectus. A Report of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies Fifth Forest Project, by Carl H. Reidel. Yale University, 1978.
    • Spotted Owl Research


Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright Notice

The nature of the Forest History Society's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Forest History Society claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], William E. Shands Papers, Library and Archives, Forest History Society, Durham, NC, USA.

Acquisitions Information

Recieved from the Grey Towers National Historic Site, 2012.

Processing Information

Processed by Lea Tiernan, Jessamyn Leonard, and Jason Howard, June 2015

Encoded by Lea Tiernan, June 2015

Support for digitization and outreach provided by the Alvin J. Huss Endowment.