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Inventory of the Westvaco Corporation Records, 1902 - 2000

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Descriptive Summary

Abstract: With origins dating to 1888, the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company changed its name to Westvaco Corporation in 1969 to represent its diversified operations producing pulp and paper products and specialty chemicals derived from these processes.
The collection consists of records dating from 1902, when the company name was West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company, through 2000, prior to the organization's merger with Mead Corporation. The company's timberlands division office in Summerville, South Carolina, collected the records, which include such materials as: formal histories of the company; news releases; advertisements; resource surveys of current and potential properties; photographs pertaining to many aspects of forestry; signs posted on company property; and general resource materials on forestry in Japan and the United States. Many of the records relate to the company's timberlands division operations in West Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and New York.
Title: Westvaco Corporation Records, 1902 - 2000
Creator: Westvaco Corporation
Repository: Forest History Society Library and Archives
Call Number: 7284
Language of Material: Material in English
Extent: 4.0 linear feet
(8 archival boxes)

Historical Note

In 1888, William Luke and three of his sons founded the Piedmont Pulp and Paper Company in West Piedmont, West Virginia, with the intention to produce wood pulp using the sulphite process. Over the next few years, they acquired more land in West Virginia and Maryland and constructed additional mills for manufacturing both wood pulp and paper. In 1897, the various operations were consolidated to form the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company. Over the 20th century the company acquired timberlands and mills in Pennsylvania, New York, Virginia, the Carolinas, Kentucky, Texas, and Brazil, often by purchasing smaller companies. In 1919, the company hired its first industrial forester, and over time expanded its forest management research. In 1929, the company opened a headquarters office in New York City. In 1969, West Virginia Pulp and Paper changed its name to Westvaco to represent its diversified interests; by then it was producing not only a wide range of pulp and paper products, but also many specialty chemicals derived from pulp and papermaking processes.

In January 2002, Westvaco merged with the Mead Corporation to form MeadWestvaco.

Note: Historical sketch drawn from the following sources: (1) Dadisman, Don, ed. A History of Westvaco's First HUNDRED Years 1888-1988. S.l.: Southern Woodlands, Timberlands Division, Westvaco Corporation, 1989; (2) "The Story of West Virginia Wood: Westvaco (West Virginia Pulp & Paper Co.) Lights 100 Candles." A four-part series printed in The West Virginia Hillbilly (29 December 1988, p. 5; 5 January 1989, pp. 6-7; 12 January 1989, pp. 18-19; 19 January 1989, pp. 16-17); (3) Beckley, "Thomas M. Pluralism by Default: Community Power in a Paper Mill Town."Forest Science 42 (1) 1996: 35-45.

Collection Overview

The Westvaco Corporation Records are comprised of formal histories of the company; news releases; advertisements; resource surveys of current and potential properties; photographs pertaining to many aspects of forestry; signs posted on company property; and general resource materials on forestry in Japan and the United States. The company's timberlands division office in Summerville, South Carolina, collected the records, many of which pertain to the company's timberlands division operations in West Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and New York (State).

Collection Arrangement

1. Organizational Records, 1923-1989

2. Photographs, 1902-2000

3. Signs, 1953-1967

4. Non-Westvaco Forestry/Lumber Records, 1904-1976

Subject Headings

  • Forest products industry -- Japan -- History
  • Forest products industry -- United States -- History
  • Forests and forestry -- Recreational use
  • Tree farms -- South Carolina
  • West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company
  • Westvaco Corporation

Detailed Description of the Collection

1. Organizational Records, 1923-1989.

1.1. History, Operations, and Division Reviews, 1923-1989.

Includes correspondence, memoranda, meeting agendas, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, photographs, speeches, expense records, and reports pertaining to Westvaco company history, tree farm dedications, environmental education, divisional reviews, and forest management.

Folders in this subseries are generally grouped according to the type of materials they hold. There is no particular folder arrangement within this subseries.

   Folder 1.1
Westvaco Company, 1978
Includes an undated fifty-page report on Westvaco Corporation, discussing such topics as management, facilities, marketing, timberlands, research, subsidiaries, and a Kentucky project; "A History of Westvaco's first HUNDRED years 1888-1988"; history of Westvaco printed as a series in five issues of Cooperative Forest Management News, 1980-1981; and a speech for North Carolina State Hardwood Research Cooperative meeting, 1987.
   Folder 1.2
Environmental Education Workshop
Includes news release, photos, list of delegates, letters planning the workshop, and thank-you letters after the workshop.
   Folder 1.3
Berkeley Tree Farm Dedication, November 9, 1950
Includes program, guest list, newspaper articles, expense reports and twenty photographs.
Company Operations
   Folder 1.4
General, 1937-1989
Includes materials related to work activities and/or operations of the corporation and some of its officers and employees.
   Folder 1.5
Southern Woodlands, 1923-1935
Includes photocopies of timber reports of lands in Charleston, Dorchester, and Berkeley counties owned by EP Burton Lumber Company and Cooper River Timber Company. Also includes reports on planting of slash pine in Berkeley County, South Carolina.
   Folder 1.6
Southern Woodlands, 1939-1953
Includes statements of timber costs and growth in Charleston and Wilmington Districts; preliminary Reports of Southern Woodlands Statistical Study, 1925-46); International Paper's Barge Landing,1951; and progress report for North Carolina Woodlands, 1953, which includes captioned photographs.
Division Review
   Folder 1.7
West Virginia, 1975
Memorandum concerning format of the review; meeting agenda; memoranda on forestry activities, the use of chemicals in timber management, and recreational hunting on forests in West Virginia.
   Folder 1.8
Trees for Tomorrow Agendas, 1974 and 1976
Two programs for meetings dated October 8-9, 1974 and November 3-4, 1976 at which securities analysts heard presentations about Westvaco operations and toured timberlands division forests and facilities in the southern United States.
   Folder 1.9
Public Relations, 1975
Includes an overview of Westvaco public relations; promotional information about the company's Matching Seedlings program; a doctoral fellowship notice; memoranda; news releases; newspaper clippings; and informational pamphlets.
   Folder 1.10
Multiple Use Forestry Operations, 1974-1975
Memoranda, newspaper clippings, informational pamphlets, and journal articles recounting the multiple-use management goals of the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company. Also includes an agenda for a meeting with Dr. Paul Wiley, who toured the woodlands managed by the company's timberlands division headquartered in Summerville, South Carolina, on June 5-6, 1975.

1.2. Resource Surveys and Development Reports, 1931-1975.

Includes reports on and surveys of forest resources, technical forestry subjects, pulpwood landing operations, and mill operations of other forest products companies. Many reports contain photographs in addition to narrative descriptions and were either commissioned by the company or compiled by West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company's Resource Survey Party, first established after World War II for the purpose of obtaining technical knowledge about industry activities. Folders are arranged chronologically in this subseries, with the exception of the first file, which provides a general history of the company's research operations.
   Folder 2.1
History of Resource Survey Party, March 29, 1960
Report compiled by Samuel C. Sweenycontaining abstracts of resource surveys conducted by West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company's Resource Survey Party research staff. Pages 6-21 contain historical summary information about company pulpwood and timberlands operations, with some biographical information on company employees.
   Folder 2.2
Resource Survey: Pulpwood Resources, New York State, 1931
Bound report dated September 1, 1931 written by J. A. Cope from Cornell University's Department of Forestry titled "A Survey of Pulpwood Resources Accessible to the Mechanicville Plant of the West Virginia Pulp & Paper Company." The purpose of the report was to ascertain whether or not the company could depend on local forest resources to meet its pulpwood needs in the state of New York. Report includes illustrations and maps.
   Folder 2.3
Development Reports, 1941-1942
Reports concerning West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company pulpwood and sawmill operations.
"Report 1165-B, Planning for the Economical Operation of a Portable Sawmill" (15 October 1941), 47 pp.
"Report 1165-E, Program to Maintain Pulpwood Supply" (23 October 1942), 20 pp.
"Report 1165-F, Development of Production Standards for Pulpwood in the Lynchburg Area" (22 December 1942), 31 pp. + circa 35 pp. of graphs and other addenda.
   Folder 2.4
Development Reports, 1943-1944
Reports relating to wage incentives and pulp production standards of West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company.
"Report 1165-G, Group Wage Incentive Plan for Pulpwood Cutting by Power Unit" (10 April 1943), 6 pp.
"Report 1165-H, Group Wage Incentive Plan for Pulpwood Cutting, Georgetown, South Carolina" (13 July 1943), 8 pp. + 2 pp. of addenda.
"Report 1165-G-1, Production Standards for Pulpwood in the South Carolina Area" (8 September 1944), 16 pp. + 13 pp. of graphs and other addenda.
   Folder 2.5
Pulpwood Investigation Reports: Southern Resource Survey, 1949
Twenty-seven-page report by S. C. Sweeny consisting of photographs with captions showing mills, forest resources, and pulpwood transportation across the southern United States. Some images show company operations, but most show resources owned and/or managed by other industry organizations.
   Folder 2.6
Pulpwood Investigation Reports: Delmarva Trip, 1950
Fifteen captioned photographs with accompanying memorandum dated 5 June 1950 written by S. C. Sweeny and addressed to M. H. Collet. The photographs are a result of a research trip made by Sweeny; they document Chesapeake Corporation's barge landings and show the proportion of wooded land to cultivated land in the Delmarva Peninsula.
Resource Survey
   Folder 2.7
Parana Pine in Brazil, July 16, 1951
Report dated July 16, 1951 by Herman Work and S. C. Sweeny titled "Pulpwood Investigation Report Number 11, Parana Pine in Brazil." The report describes the utility of the species for use in the manufacture of paper and analyzes the options for West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company were it to open a pulp mill in Brazil. Contains photographs, maps, and charts in addition to narrative descriptions.
   Folder 2.8
Resource Survey: Wood Leftovers in the West, August 31, 1953
Report by Herman Work dated August 31, 1953 and titled "Wood Leftovers in the West: Use of Waste Wood from Sawmills and Veneer Mills for Pulpwood Chips" (Resource Survey Report No. 23). Includes maps and captioned photographs. Result of a 4-month trip taken by the author for the purpose of developing practical ideas that could be implemented to increase wood supply for company operations in the Charleston, South Carolina, region. The survey trip included visits to Alabama, Arkansas, northern California, and the Pacific Northwest.
   Folder 3.1
Mill Sites: North Carolina, Washington and New Bern, December 28, 1953
Report recommending seven potential pulp and paper mill sites that the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company could develop near these North Carolina cities. Gives specific attention to water supply and waste disposal issues. Report conducted by the engineering firm of Hazen and Sawyer based in New York City. 46 pp. + ca. 34 pp. of addenda. Includes maps and charts.
   Folder 3.2
Pulpwood Resources: Fort Madison, Iowa Mill, August 9, 1954
Report dated August 9, 1954 by S. C. Sweeny titled "Pulpwood Resources Available to the Fort Madison, Iowa, Mill of Hinde and Dauch Paper Company, a Subsidiary of West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company" (Resource Survey Report No. 29), iv + 59 pp. Includes captioned photographs. The purpose of the report was to analyze the costs involved in modernizing this mill by converting it to use hardwood pulpwood, a product superior to the straw traditionally used by the mill.
   Folder 3.3
Brazil, 1949 and 1953-1954
Reports, memoranda, and correspondence giving background information on forest resources in Brazil and providing information about West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company's purchase of a corrugated box plant in Brazil in 1953.
   Folder 3.4
Brazil, 1961
Twenty-six pages of photographs with minimal caption information presumably relating to the Brazilian box plant operations purchased by the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company in 1953. Subjects covered in the images include: a tree nursery area and associated buildings; parana pine seedlings and cones; site preparation activities; species trials; harvesting of parana pine; and the production of parana pine pulpwood. Includes cover page labeled "South Brasil Project, Rigesa, S. A. PHOTOGRAPHS, May-June 1961."
   Folder 3.5
Mechanicville Wood-Procurement Area, June 21, 1961
Report dated June 21, 1961 compiled by Samuel C. Sweeny titled "Photographic Supplement to Forest Resources of the Mechanicville Wood-Procurement Area" (Resource Survey Report No. 59), 27 pp. + duplicate pages + 15 additional pages with captioned photographs dated March 20, 1946. This aerial photographic survey was conducted to determine the wood supply available to West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company operations in this region of New York State.
   Folder 3.6
Bahamas: Pine Forests/Pulpwood Production, 1964
Report by Samuel C. Sweeny dated 11-22 May 1964 and titled "Pine Forests and Pine Pulpwood Production in the Bahamas," 57 pp. Includes captioned photographs taken by the author and narrative descriptions of available pine stands, ownership of forests, labor supply, shipping facilities, cutting restrictions, and other information relevant to pine pulpwood production in the Bahamas. West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company conducted two previous survey investigations in 1948 and 1949. This 1964 report represented a renewed company interest in developing pulpwood operations in the Bahamas.
   Folder 3.7
Program Reports: Endangered Species, Cooperative Forest Management, Matching Seedlings, 1971 and 1975
Two Reports by Fred W. Kinard, Jr.
"Forest Industry's Endangered Species Program" (5 February 1971), 5 pp.
"Cooperative Forest Management and Matching Seedlings Programs" (13 November 1975), 6 pp.

1.3. Outreach, 1967-1976.

News releases, newspaper clippings, brochure drafts, correspondence, memoranda, printer plates, and examples of West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company's advertising work. Folders have an alphabetic title arrangement in this subseries.
   Folder 3.8
Drafts, 1975
Drafts of a full-page Westvaco Corporation advertisement with the message "There's more to Westvaco than trees."
   Folder 3.9
Green Kentucky, 1975
Memoranda and camera-ready copy of advertisements by Westvaco Corporation in support of the "Green Kentucky" reforestation campaign aimed at owners of small private woodlands in Kentucky. The program was launched jointly by Westvaco Corporation and the Kentucky Division of Forestry.
   Folder 3.10
Part and Parcel, undated
Printer plates and ink-on-paper versions of a series of Westvaco advertisements promoting the company's paper, packaging, chemicals, and building materials. All advertisements include the prefatory text "Westvaco...part and parcel" and include further text aimed at specific markets (i.e., "Westvaco...part and parcel of the vital growth in water purification"; "Westvaco...part and parcel of the huge growth in data handling"; "Westvaco...part and parcel of the tremendous growth in consumer packaging"; and "Westvaco...part and parcel of the booming growth in education").
   Folder 3.11
General, undated
Different versions of a 2-page color West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company/Wetvaco advertisement depicting scenes of and explaining the types of forest management operations and services provided by the company.
   Folder 4.1
Brochures: Westvaco in West Virginia, 1975-1976
Memoranda, examples of brochures, and draft text for a Westvaco informational brochure titled "Westvaco and West Virginia." The brochure was to include sections on the history of the company; Westvaco operations in the state of West Virginia; the company's forest management program; the company's financial, aesthetic, and practical contributions to the state and its citizens; and a description of the potential of the state's forest resources.
   Folder 4.2
News Releases, 1967-1969
Memoranda, photographs, speech, and news releases pertaining to West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company's donation to the state of South Carolina of 76 acres of land encompassing the remains of the Revolutionary War-era Fort Dorchester near the city of Summerville. Includes biographical sketches of company president David L. Luke III and South Carolina governor Robert E. McNair, both of whom were present at the dedication ceremony.
   Folder 4.3
Newspaper Clippings, April 1968 to February 1975
Photocopies of newspaper clippings reporting about a variety of Westvaco company activities.
   Folder 4.4
Miscellaneous Vanity File, 1957 and 1971-1981
Includes articles, conference programs, and biographies either written by Westvaco/West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company employees or promoting/celebrating the company or its employees.
Program for a retirement dinner held 3 September 1981 in honor of Herbert T. Johnson, employee of Westvaco's kraft division from 1968 to 1981.
Proceedings and conference program for the 50th annual meeting of the Society of American Foresters' Appalachian Section held February 4-5, 1971 in Charleston, South Carolina (Ed Owens of the Westvaco Research Center led a panel discussion at the conference).
Program for the 52nd annual national convention of the Izaak Walton League of America held July 16-19, 1974, in Huntington, West Virginia (includes forest fact sheet produced by Westvaco).
Booklet by George H. Deike III titled Logging South Cheat: The History of the Snowshoe Resort Lands (Youngstown, Ohio, 1978; 52 pp.), which includes some history of Westvaco Corporation.
Paper titled "H. L. Shattuck's Last Days with the Gauley Coal Land Company" by F. Douglas Cochrane published in an unidentified issue of the Journal of the Massachusetts Historical Society (pp. 101-108).
Biographical sketch of Scott Wallinger, vice president of Westvaco Corporation.
March 1957 edtion of American Forests containing an article titled "What Employers Want: 'Can He Grow With Our Organization?'" (pp. 10-11, 41) containing advice from D. Y. Lenhart, general manager of the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company's woodlands division, about personal, professional, and educational credentials generally desired in employees.
5-page article by Westvaco employee K. L. (Casey) Canonge titled "Plantation Hardwoods" reprinted from the May 1979 edition of American Forests.
Article titled "South Carolina's Renewable Resource" from the August 1974 edition of Trends magazine that the associate editor mailed to Fred Kinard at Westvaco.

2. Photographs, 1902-2000.

2.1. Company History, 1902-1910, 1978 and undated.

Photographs, many undated and without captions, relating to the events, honors, or activities of a miscellaneous nature of the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company in its early years of operation and in 1978 when it was known as Westvaco. Folders are arranged chronologically in this subseries.
   Folder 4.5
Westvaco History, 1902-1910
17 black-and-white images. Few have dates or captions. Includes individual and group portraits as well as images of mills, lumber yards, and logging scenes. [Some of the images have water damage.]
   Folder 4.6
Kathryn Hutcherson: American Paper Institute Award, 1978
Two black-and-white photographs of an awards ceremony at which Kathryn Hutcherson, assistant director of forestry for Westvaco's timberlands division, received an award for Environmental Improvement/Energy Management. One image has caption.
   Folder 4.7
Westvaco History, undated
Fourteen black-and-white images showing mills, lumber yards, logging railroads, a group portrait, and forest scenes [most have no captions]; one black-and-white portrait of Westvaco chief executive officer David L. Luke III; two color images and six color images depicting Westvaco's timberlands division offices; one black-and-white image documenting Westvaco's annual practice of giving away tree seedlings to private landowners [includes caption].
   Folder 4.8
West Virginia and Forest Study Committee Brochures, undated
Photographs in numerous size categories, mostly black-and-white positive images. Some images have writing on the back indicating they were considered for inclusion in a company brochure about West Virginia operations or about the company's Forest Study Committee. No images have dates, although some do have captions. Includes images of interior and exterior paper mill scenes; mill equipment; forestry scenes; water bomber planes; and flora and fauna.
   Folder 4.9
Westvaco Forestry Center Building, undated
Oversized photograph of Westvaco building; no date or caption.

2.2. Forestry and Forest Products, 1926, 1940-1960, 2000 and undated.

Photographs relating to forest resources, logging, forest management, milling, tree planting, road building, log transportation, and paper production. All presumably document West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company/Westvaco company operations. Some images have dates and captions. Folders have no particular arrangement within this subseries.
   Folder 5.1
Forest Management, 1953-1955
Color photographs in individual album pages [pages removed from album binder, which was discarded during processing]. Images are dated and have captions. Subjects include: cone collection; road construction; tree planting; prescribed burning; pineland management; and income from leases.
   Folder 5.2
Jerseyfield Lake, New York, and Pleasant Lake, 1926 and 1940-1943
Includes over 100 black-and-white photographs, most with negatives; some have dates and captions. Images that were originally together in particular photograph developing envelopes were removed from the envelopes and filed together in acid-free photo sleeves, which were then filed in one of two folders. Subjects covered include: winter logging scenes; logging equipment; log loading; log hauling; log transportation via horse, truck, chute, and railroad; men at work sawing logs and chopping trees; and executives surveying logging operations in the field. A few images appear to depict scenes of elaborate gardens or architecture in what appears to be Europe.
   Folder 5.3
Poplar and Gum Stands, 1949 and 1957
Seven black-and-white captioned photographs depicting stands of yellow poplar near Preston County, West Virginia (1957) and of Tupelo gum near Charleston, South Carolina (1949).
   Folder 5.4
Timber Inventory of Southern Woodlands, 1945-1948
Photographic inventory conducted by Professor D. M. Matthews, 1945-1948. Includes 9 black-and-white photographs; most are dated and have captions.
   Folder 6.1
Water Bomber Airplane, North Carolina: Album, 1960
Includes 28 black-and-white photographs. Most have captions. Photographs are housed in sheets that were removed from album labeled "North Carolina Woodlands, Manteo, N. C., August 4, 1960" during processing. Contains a letter from Mr. W. J. Crumpacker to Mr. D. Y. Lenhart dated July 20, 1960 in which it is explained that the images are of a converted Stearman airplane that was used as a trainer during World War II that West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company purchased for use in fighting forest fires by dropping water mixed with chemicals onto fires. The letter also states that Manteo Flying Service was under contract to make immediate flights when necessary during daylight hours during fire season.
   Folder 6.2
Water Bomber Airplane, North Carolina: Loose Photos, undated
Includes 31 black-and-white images and one negative depicting images of converted Stearman water bomber airplane purchased by West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company to fight forest fires. Two images have captions; none are dated.
   Folder 6.3
Logging Tram Road, undated
One photograph with caption, "A view of the narrow guage tram road mentioned in photo number 3. An old Chevrolet engine geared to drive a flanged-wheel locomotive pulls one log car."
   Folder 6.4
Manteo, North Carolina: Road Building, Burned Areas, 2000 and undated
Includes 52 undated black-and-white photographs and one envelope containing 3 black-and-white photographs. A handwritten note addressed to Casey [K. L. "Case"y Canonge] from Ed [no further identification] states that the images are from Helen Trew and relate to company forestry activities near Manteo, North Carolina. Subjects include: road building, burned areas, and early spray work. Images do not have dates or captions.
   Folder 6.5
Gum Forests and Sawlogs, undated
Includes 9 black-and-white images.
Sawlog operation in Gum Swamp near Plymouth, North Carolina.
Bottomland hardwood forest logged for sawlogs in Blackwater River Swamp near Waverly, Virginia; remaining trees in logged-over area are gum.
Gum swamp logged over with a a narrow-guage tram road.
Mr. G. Colucci, owner of Southern Box and Lumber Company mill in Wilmington, North Carolina, inspecting supply of gum pulpwood at a plywood mill.
Gum and cypress trees in Blackwater River Swamp near Waverly, Virginia.
Shed at which the Jack Garst and Son company sells gum pulpwood and crossties.
Pile of beech, birch, sycamore, and gum crossties at a Garst and Son lumber yard.
Man inspecting a pile of sweetgum and blackgum pulpwood at a lumber yard in Farmville, Virginia.
Pile of high-grade poplar veneer logs at a Jack Garst and Son lumber yard.
Loading machine used at a L. A. Clarke and Son lumber yard.
   Folder 6.6
Tree Planting, undated
Contains 9 color photographs. Images are numbered 2-13 on back and do not have dates or captions. Includes scenes showing tree planting machinery and foresters inspecting trees at various early stages of growth on a tree farm.
   Folder 6.7
Mills, 1951-1959
Includes 13 black-and-white images. Most have captions but few have dates. The photographs are mostly exterior scenes of Westvaco mills and mills owned by other companies in such locations as: Winder, Georgia; Charleston, South Carolina; Wickliffe, Kentucky; Mechanicville, New York; Acme, North Carolina; Lufkin, Texas; Tyrone [Pennsylvania?]; and Covington, Virginia.
Forest Products
   Folder 6.8
Paper Production, undated
Contains 3 numbered and captioned photos of: engravers making plates for paper printing; a towmotor operator removing a roll of paper from storage; and a tuber operator placing printed and unprinted rolls of paper on a tuber.
   Folder 6.9
West Virginia Forest Utilization, Products, and Logging, undated
Includes 3 color photographs, 1 color photograph, 15 black-and-white photographs, 18 black-and-white photographs, and 2 black-and-white photographs. Images depict such scenes as: logs being loaded onto trucks; machinery cutting trees; lumber yards; log piles; chip mills; and logged-over forests.

2.3. Forest Recreation and Wildlife, 1961-1975 and undated.

Photographs of wildlife and images pertaining to Westvaco Corporation's management of forests to improve wildlife habitat for recreational hunting and fishing. In this subseries files are arranged in alphabetical order by title, which also happens to be a straight chronological arrangement.
   Folder 6.10
Hunting, House, and Landscapes, 1961-1962
Includes 36 photographs in album sheets. Sizes are mixed; most are black-and-white; few have dates; and none have captions. Images depict hunting dogs, men hunting and fishing, and what appears to be a farm house and other farm buildings.
   Folder 6.11
Hunting, Landscapes, and Westvaco Signs, 1971-1975
Contains 55 black-and-white photographs and 1 color photograph. Sizes are mixed; 1 image has a caption; 4 images have dates; several images have a Westvaco stamp on the back. Includes scenes of tree seedlings in the back of a truck; forests; streams and ponds; foresters checking water quality at unidentified bodies of water; wildlife; hunting and fishing activities; and signs on Westvaco forests describing forest management activities that benefit wildlife and showing locations of areas specifically manageed for outdoor recreational activities.
   Folder 6.12
West Virginia Fishing, 1972
Includes 14 color slides in an album slide sheet dated October 1972 depicting wildlife and aesthetic forestry scenes and 5 black-and-white photographs showing men fishing at waterfalls and in fast-moving bodies of water.
   Folder 7.1
Wildlife Management Area, Kentucky, undated
Contains numerous black-and-white and color photographs in various sizes depicting: waterfowl; landscape scenes; representatives from Westvaco and the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife standing behind a Westvaco Management Area sign; foresters inspecting sites; and tour groups. Few images have captions. Original image groupings have been maintained, with image groups stored together in photo sleeves labeled with original identification information, if any.

2.4. Miscellaneous, undated.

Unidentified photographs not clearly relating to Westvaco Corporation or its forest management practices.
   Folder 7.2
Farm, undated
Fourteen black-and-white photographs labeled "To Tom, from Mary [Gary?] Eaton." The images depict unidentified buildings and people in what looks to be a farm setting. Negatives are included. There are no captions and no dates.

3. Signs, 1953-1976.

Includes documents, photographs, and actual signs made out of paper, canvas, plastic, and metal. The file label classifications reflect the original designations assigned by the collecting office. Most of the signs and supporting materials in the folders of this series are printed with statements announcing property ownership or particular forest management activities. Folders are arranged in chronological order in this series.
   Folder 7.3
Georgia and South Carolina Property Signs, 1953-1955
Documents describing sign orders and materials. Also includes four paper signs, one canvas sign, and five metal signs.
   Folder 7.4
Samples of Signs in Use at Woodlands, 1959
Includes one paper sign, one canvas sign, and two metal signs warning about trespass, identifying experimental forest areas, and urging fire prevention.
   Folder 7.5
Photographs and Negatives of Woodlands Signs, 1967 and undated
Few photographs have dates or captions. Negatives match the positive images. Includes one actual sign. Signs identify recreation areas, tree farms, and management areas on West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company forests, and urge fire prevention.
   Folder 7.6
Signs, undated
Includes one paper and one plastic Westvaco woodlands division/department sign.

4. Non-Westvaco Forestry and Lumber Records, 1904-1976.

This series contains non-Westvaco materials relating in a general way to forests, forestry, and the forest products industries in Japan and the United States.

4.1. Japan, 1960-1975 and undated.

Includes nine pamphlets concerning forestry, forest fire prevention, logging and lumbering, logging equipment, and other aspects of the lumber, plywood, and forest products industries in Japan during the 1960s and 1970s.
   Folder 7.7
Japan, 1960-1975 and undated
Miscellaneous pamphlets on Japanese forestry and lumbering practices. Includes the front part of a mailing envelope with canceled Japanese stamps addressed to "W. L. Foster, c/o American Consulate General, 10 Kamo-cho [6 chome?] 1 Kuta-Ku" and with "Hiroshi Hayash!" written on it.
Japan Plywood Manufacturer's Association. Plywood Industry in Japan. S.l.: Japan Plywood Manufacturer's Association, October 1975. 14 pp.
All Japan Federation of Lumber Associations. Lumber Industry in Japan. Tokyo: All Japan Federation of Lumber Associations, 1974. 17 pp.
Standards for Lumber Collecting and Carrying Operations Using Tractor. S.l.: n.p., [1962]. [iv] + 22 pp.
Timber Collecting Equipment Operation Standards Forestry Agency. S.l.: n.p., n.d. [iv] + 35 pp.
Logging and Lumbering Operations Standards. S.l.: n.p., [1960]. [iii] + 18 pp.
Statistics on Forest Products Concerned. S.l.: Forest Products Division, Forestry Agency, Japan, n.d. 15 pp.
Japan's Forests and Forestry Its Status Quo. Tokyo: Forestry Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, October 1974. 18 pp.
Outline of Countermeasures against Forest Fires in Japan. Tokyo: Forestry Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Government of Japan, 1975. 21 pp.
(Appendix) Outline of Countermeasures against Forest Fires in Japan. Tokyo: Forestry Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Government of Japan, 1975. [i] + 23 pp.

4.2. United States, 1904-1976 and undated.

Map, postcards, and publications concerning forests and forestry in the United States. There is no particular folder arrangement in this subseries.
   Folder 7.8
Map: Forests and Trees of the United States, 1976
Color map showing the leading commercial tree species for each major forest region in the United States. Reprinted 1976 by the American Forest Institute in Washington, D. C., and "provided by the forest products industries as a contribution to environmental education."
   Folder 7.9
New York Forests in the Years Ahead, 1944
Fifteen-page typed report dated 3 February 1944. Note at bottom of first page states, "This is the forestry section of a State Plan and follows the outline by McArdle and Duerr, Oct. 11, 1943 and the report by Taylor on 'Connecticut's Forests in the Years Ahead.'"
   Folder 7.10
Postcards: Great Southern Lumber Co. (Bogalusa, Louisiana), 1932 and undated
Includes 34 unmailed postcards, each with a 2-cent uncanceled stamp and 1 picture card. Each postcard has a colorized captioned image showing Great Southern Lumber Company operations and buildings. Includes views of: log loading; lumber yards; forestry signs; equipment and buildings at paper, saw, and creosote mills; paper rolls in a mill; forest scenes; a shay locomotive; and well-known buildings in the town of Bogalusa. The larger picture card is dated 1932 and contains 6 black-and-white images of city buildings.
   Folder 7.11
Publications: South Carolina, 1904-1968
Miscellaneous publications relating to forestry in the state of South Carolina. Topics include: experimental forests, foresters, forestry, tree farming, the state forestry commission, and lumber and sawmill industry activities in the state.
Hawley, Norman R. "The Old Rice Plantations in and around the Santee Experimental Forest."Agricultural History 23 (April 1949): 86-91.
Article (5 pp.) on the South Carolina State Commission of Forestry titled "Fifty Years of Service" listing members of the commission and a historical overview that was copied from an unidentified publication. No date given.
One-page directory listing of sate foresters for the states of Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. Each listing provides a portrait photograph of the state forester, the address of the state forestry department, and a brief historical sketch of the department along with a general description of the department's responsibilities. Copied from an unidentified directory. No date given.
Bruner, M. H. "Recent Developments in Cooperative Farm Forestry between the Extension Service and the S.C. State Commission of Forestry." Journal of Forestry 41 (March 1943): 186-189.
"South Carolina: Who is Gifford Pinchot?" In Forests and Forestry in the American States: A Reference Anthology, edited by Ralph R. Widner. [Missoula, Mont.: National Association of State Foresters, 1968.] 456-469 pp.
Rice, James Henry, Jr. "South Carolina Timber."The News and Courier (Charleston, S. C., 20 April 1904), p. 61.
Eisterhold, John A. "Charleston: Lumber and Trade in a Declining Southern Port."South Carolina Historical Magazine n.v. (n.d.): 61-71.
Halsey, Alfred O. "The Passing of a Great Forest and the History of the Mills which Manufactured it into Lumber." In [Charleston, South Carolina, Yearbook 1937]. S.l.: n.p., 1937. 198-210 pp.
Ames, F. E. "A Report on Loblolly Pine Lumbering in South Carolina." Thesis, Yale University School of Forestry, 1906. 64 pp. Thesis describing the operations of E. P. Burton Lumber Company in the Witherbee-Jamestown-Hellhole Swamp are of what was part of the Francis Marion National Forest as of 1979.
David Doar. A Sketch of the Agricultural Society of St. James, Santee, South Carolina and an Address on the Traditions and Reminiscences of the Parish Delivered before Society on 4th of July 1907. Charleston, S. C.: Calder-Fladger Co., Printers and Binders, 1908. 49 pp.
   Folder 8.1
Lands: Berkeley County, South Carolina, 1905
Includes a publication: Chapman, Charles S. A Working Plan for Forest Lands in Berkeley County, South Carolina. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Forestry Bulletin No. 56. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1905. 85 pp.
   Folder 8.2
Charleston, South Carolina, Mining and Manufacturing Company, July 27, 1921
Timber estimate, blueprint maps, and appraisal of forest resources on property owned by the Charleston, South Carolina, Mining & Mfg. Co. in Dorchester County, South Carolina.

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Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Westvaco Corporation Records, Library and Archives, Forest History Society, Durham, NC, USA.

Acquisitions Information

Original deposit received from K. L. Casey Canonge, public affairs officer for Mead-Westvaco's timberlands division in Summerville, South Carolina, in June 2002. The materials include items of a historical nature collected by the division that were not subject to the company's records management retention policy.

Processing Information

Processed by Rachel Speer and Staff, July 2003 and June 2004

Encoded by Amanda Ross, February 2009

Funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission supported the encoding of this finding aid. Support for digitization and outreach provided by the Alvin J. Huss Endowment.