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Inventory of the Champion International Corporation Image Collection, 1950 - 1979

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Descriptive Summary

Abstract: Established in 1893, Champion Coated Paper grew through mergers and acquisitions into Chamption International Corporation, which purchased timberlands across the United States and in several foreign countries. In June 2000, International Paper Company acquired Champion International through a merger.
The collection includes approximately 160 black-and-white prints, 330 negatives, and 1200 color and black-and-white slides. These prints, negatives, and slides document forestry activities and sawmill operations carried out by Champion International Corporation and its business partners, primarily in the southern Appalachian Mountain region of the United States, circa 1950s-1970s. Images include scenes of land clearing, tree planting, hardwood management, tree harvesting, logging and sawmill equipment, sawmill operations, vocational training, scenic views, and tree identification. Some of the slides appear to have been taken for use in visual presentations.
Title: Champion International Corporation Image Collection, 1950 - 1979
Creator: Champion International Corporation
Repository: Forest History Society Library and Archives
Call Number: 7162
Language of Material: Material in English
Extent: About 1700 items

Historical Note

Champion International Corporation began as Champion Coated Paper, established in Ohio in 1893. In 1906, the company established Champion Fibre and slowly began to expand its operations, thereafter experiencing steady growth throughout the twentieth century. In 1967, the merger of Champion Paper & Fibre and US Plywood resulted in the formation of Champion International Corporation. Champion International acquired numerous paper companies during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s and purchased timberlands across the United States and in several foreign countries. A new chapter in the company's history began in June 2000 when International Paper Company acquired Champion International through a merger.


Collection Overview

The collection includes approximately 160 black-and-white prints, 330 negatives, and 1200 color and black-and-white slides. These prints, negatives, and slides document forestry activities and sawmill operations carried out by Champion International Corporation and its business partners, primarily in the southern Appalachian Mountain region of the United States, circa 1950s-1970s. Images include scenes of land clearing, tree planting, hardwood management, tree harvesting, logging and sawmill equipment, sawmill operations, vocational training, scenic views, and tree identification. Some of the slides appear to have been taken for use in visual presentations.

The images reside in four brown kraft envelopes, one large three-ring binder, and one small box. All are housed in drawer two of file cabinet five in the Forest History Society's Auxiliary Photograph Collection.

Collection Arrangement

1. Mount Katahdin, Maine

2. Lumber Company Equipment, Machinery, and Operations

3. Slide Notebook

4. Box of Slides

5. Unidentified Prints

6. United States Forest Service Photographs



Subject Headings

  • Champion International Corporation
  • Forest products industry -- Appalachian region -- 20th century
  • Logging -- Appalachian region -- 20th century
  • Logging -- Photographs

Related Material

During processing, twenty-four U.S. Forest Service photos were removed from this collection and merged with the general Forest History Society Photograph Collection.

Detailed Description of the Collection

1. Mount Katahdin, Maine

Black-and-white prints of various sizes-some grouped together to form panoramas-showing scenic shots of Mount Katahdin in Maine. The Appalachian Trail ends atop the mountain. Images are filed in a single large brown envelope labeled "Mount Katahdin (Maine)."
Looking down into the headwaters of Katahdin Stream - the 'Klondike' on the left.
Looking from the head of the Abol Slide towards the Monument (or Main) Peak.
Looking up the Abol Slide from the near the old watchman's cabin.
Katahdin: View from South Table Land near head of Abol Slide.
Katahdin: From Monument Peak over the Table-land.
Katahdin: Looking into North Basin toward the North Table-land.
Katahdin: The Knife Edge and Pamola.
Katahdin: View from the Saddle into Chimney Basin. The Knife Edge and Pamola and the Main Peak.

2. Lumber Company Equipment, Machinery, and Operations

Black-and-white prints (3.5 x 3.5 inches) and negatives (most circa 2 6/16 x 2 6/16 inches) of chippers, debarkers, log chains, log decks, log peelers, chips being unloaded from trailers, and other related scenes. According to the donor, images of logging and sawmill equipment show machinery that Champion probably purchased; views of residual chips show materials that Champion probably bought from many of the companies represented; and sawmill scenes show operations that Champion employees most likely observed in order to keep up with forest technology. Images remain in the envelopes or negative sleeves that housed them when the Forest History Society received them. Each envelope/negative sleeve holds images that were taken of a particular type of equipment or process, or images that were taken at a particular lumber or sawmill company. Envelopes and negative sleeves are arranged alphabetically by the labels written on them. All are grouped together in a single large brown envelope labeled "Lumber Company Equipment/Machinery/Operations."
Barrow Lumber Company
Includes 3 prints, 3 negatives. "D # flail head" is written on the back of 1 of the prints; envelope has "camp" and "D 3" written on it.
Bate Lumber Company
Includes 2 prints, 6 negatives (4 negatives in negative sleeve). "Chip handling system" and "outfeed" are written on the backs of the prints; envelope has "N.C. Pulp" and "Nicholson" written on it.
Brunswick Box Company
Includes 4 prints, 39 negatives (6 negatives in 1 negative sleeve; 1 print and 1 negative in another negative sleeve; 31 negatives in another negative sleeve). "Bark conveyor and burner" is written on the back of 1 of the prints; "Carthage slab" is written on one of the negative sleeves; "Hosmer slab debarker" is written on one of the negative sleeves; envelope has "J. C. Lucy camp" written on it.
Callahan
Includes 6 negatives (5 negatives in negative sleeve). The envelope is dated ; "Jackson" is written on the negative sleeve.
Chatham Lumber Company
Includes 7 prints, 17 negatives (12 negatives in negative sleeve). "Compressor,""bark and saw dust burner,""chipper motor,""log deck,""chipper trouble,""debarking tools," and "infeed rolls showing log flippers" are written on the backs of the prints; envelope has "Halifax" and "Nicholson" written on it.
Container Corporation
Includes 3 prints, 2 negatives. "Box car unloading" is written on the back of two of the prints; envelope has "chip unloading" written on it.
Covert and Marks
Includes 4 prints, 8 negatives. "Bark conveyor,""slab infeed, bark conveyor at right," and "slab handling" are written on the back of three of the prints; envelope has "Halifax" written on it.
Dargan Lumber
Includes 1 print, 3 negatives. "Slab moving conveyors" is written on back of the print; envelope has "So croft" and "Soderham" written on it.
Davis and Jenkins
Includes 5 prints, 12 negatives (7 negatives in negative sleeve). "Chip thrower" is written on the backs of 4 prints, and "bark conveyor" is written on the back of the other print; negative sleeve has "Jackson log debarker" written on it; envelope dated April 13, 1957.
Evans Lumber Company
Includes 2 prints, 2 negatives. "Log deck" is written on the back of 1 of the prints; envelope has "camp" and "Soderham" written on it.
Fleming and Sterling
Includes 6 prints, 6 negatives (1 negative in negative sleeve). "Slab handling" is written on the back of two of the prints; "slab chains to belt conveyor" is written on the backs of two of the prints; "truck to catch oversize chips" and "truck for bark disposal" are written on the backs of the other 2 prints; negative sleeve has "Watkins" written on it; envelope dated April 13, 1957.
Freeman Bros.
Includes 2 prints, 1 negative. Envelope has "camp" and "D 3" written on it.
Fritts
Includes 8 prints, 8 negatives. "Slab outfeed,""slab infeed," and "debarked slabs" are written on the backs of three of the prints; envelope has "Fritts slab debarker written on it."
Fulghum
Includes 7 prints, 11 negatives (4 negatives in negative sleeve). "Rosserhead" is written on the back of one of the prints, and "Rosserhead action" is written on the backs of two of the prints; envelope is dated April 13, 1957.
Harris Lumber Company
Includes 1 print, 4 negatives (2 negatives in negative sleeve). Envelope has "small mill" and "Fulghum" written on it; negative sleeve has "F. C. Harris" and "Fulghum" written on it.
Knox Lumber Company
Includes 2 prints, 6 negatives (2 negatives in 1 negative sleeve; 2 negatives in another negative sleeve). "Cutterhead" and "log rotating wheels" are written on the backs of the prints; "Hurricane" is written on 1 negative sleeve; "Hurricane Knox slab handling chip handling" is written on another negative sleeve.
Loper, Ray, Lumber Company
Includes 2 prints, 6 negatives (4 negatives in negative sleeve). "Slab carry over sheet" and "air system to car, chip belt to hopper cars under roof" are written on the backs of the prints; "Nicholson" is written on negative sleeve; envelope is dated April 13, 1957.
Lumber River
Includes 4 prints, 5 negatives. "Log deck" and "peeled log deck" are written on the backs of 2 of the prints.
Marion Lumber Company
Includes 1 print, 4 negatives (1 negative in negative sleeve). "Log deck" is written on the back of the print; "Nicholson" is written on negative sleeve; envelope has "So croft" and "Nicholson" written on it.
Mullis
Includes 7 prints, 6 negatives. "Chip handling installation,""debarked hardwood logs,""outfeed rolls,""infeed rolls," and "debarking tools" are written on the backs of 4 of the prints.
Nicholson
Includes 1 print, 1 negative. "Sumner horizontal feed chipper" is written on the back of the print; envelope has "hound dog debarker,""New Orleans Exposition," and "Nicholson" written on it.
Palmetto Lumber Company
Includes 6 prints, 12 negatives (5 negatives in negative sleeve) ["Rosserhead" and "Jackson debarker" are written on the backs of 2 of the prints; "Jackson" is written on negative sleeve; envelope has "small mill" written on it].
Potts Lumber Company
Includes 3 prints, 12 negatives (3 negatives in 1 negative sleeve; 2 negatives in another negative sleeve). "Slab conveyor" is written on the back of 1 of the prints; "Carthage slab" is written on both negative sleeves; envelope is dated April 27, 1957.
Pouches
Includes 3 prints, 7 negatives (4 negatives in negative sleeve). "Gravity feed chipping and loading installation" is written on the back of one of the prints; "Nick Pouches" and "Carthage" is written on negative sleeve; envelope has "Carthage" written on it.
Roundtree
Includes 2 prints, 6 negatives (4 negatives in negative sleeve). "Screen" and "slab chute" are written on the backs of the prints; "Hurricane" is written on negative sleeve; envelope has "Hunter" written on it.
Russellville Lumber Company
Includes 3 prints, 8 negatives (1 print and 1 negative in 1 negative sleeve; 5 negatives in another negative sleeve). "Outfeed rolls" is written on the back of one of the prints; "infeed" is written on back of print in negative sleeve; "Nicholson" is written on 1 negative sleeve; envelope has "Nicholson" written on it.
St. Regis
Includes 1 print, 2 negatives. Envelope has "chip unloading" written on it.
Santee Pine Lumber Company
Includes 3 prints, 4 negatives. "Screen" and "log deck and log flippers" are writte on the backs of two of the prints; envelope has "Soderham" and "cambio" written on it.
Slaughter Bros.
Includes 8 prints, 12 negatives (8 negatives in 1 negative sleeve; 1 negative in another negative sleeve). "Fritts" is written on 1 negative sleeve; "Hosmer" is written on 1 negative sleeve; envelope has "NC Pulp" and "Hosmer" written on it.
Sledge Lumber Company
Includes 2 prints, 3 negatives (2 negatives in negative sleeve). "Infeed roller bed" and "horizontal feed chipper" are written on the backs of the prints; "Nicholson" is written on negative sleeve; envelope has "N.C. Pulp" written on it.
Springside Lumber Company
Includes 3 prints, 8 negatives (5 negatives in negative sleeve). "Rosserhead" and "log chain" are written on the backs of two of the prints; "Jackson" is written on negative sleeve; envelope has "Jackson" written on it.
Thomas
Includes 4 prints, 11 negatives (3 negatives in 1 negative sleeve; 4 negatives in another negative sleeve). "Log stop" is written on the back of 1 of the prints; "Jackson log" and "B.T. Thomas" is written on one negative sleeve; "Watkins slab" and "B.T. Thomas" is written on one negative sleeve; envelope is dated April 13, 1957 and has "Jackson" written on it.
Union Bag-Camp
Includes 4 prints, 8 negatives. "Log peeler,""hoist for trailers,""conveyor to log peeler," and "trailer unloading" are written on the backs of the prints; envelope has "own make debarker" and "chip unloading" written on it.
Williams McKeithan (Harris Clief Co)
Includes 8 prints, 28 negatives (24 negatives in negative sleeve). "Cambio" is written on the back of one of the prints and "air system" is written on the backs of 3 of the prints; "Soderham" is written on negative sleeve; envelope has "N.C. Pulp" and "cambio" written on it.
West Virginia
Includes 1 print, 11 negative (10 negatives in negative sleeve). "Bark conveyor and burner" is written on the back of the print; "Hosmer" is written on negative sleeve.
Wrenn Brothers Lumber Company
Includes 2 prints, 5 negatives (3 negatives in negative sleeve). "Slab outfeed" is written on the back of one of the prints; "Hosmer" is written on negative sleeve; envelope has "Halifax" and "Hosmer" written on it.
Miscellaneous Envelope Holding Prints and Negatives
Includes 24 loose prints dated May 1957, 23 loose negatives, 1 negative sleeve containing 1 negative, 1 negative sleeve containing 3 negatives.
Miscellaneous Negative Sleeve Holding Print and Negative
Includes 1 negative sleeve holding 2 prints and 2 negatives. One print is dated May 1957.
Miscellaneous Negative Sleeves (Labeled) Holding Negatives
6 labeled negative sleeves clipped together with a paper clip. "Chipper to screen" negative sleeve holds 1 negative; "blow pipe at chipper" negative sleeve holds 1 negative; "slab shute at chipper" negative sleeve holds 1 negative; "loading trailer" negative sleeve holds 1 negative; "Hound Dog" negative sleeve holds 4 negatives; "Soderhamn Anderson (Tilghman)" holds 2 negatives.
Miscellaneous Negative Sleeves (Unlabeled) Holding Negatives
Includes 8 unlabeled negative sleeves clipped together with a paper clip (1 negative per negative sleeve).
Miscellaneous Negative Sleeves (Numbered) Holding Prints
Includes 10 negative sleeves numbered 14-15 and 17-24, each holding a single print, clipped together with a paper clip. All prints seem to depict images of tree planting-by hand and mostly by mechanical means.

3. Slide Notebook

Large red and white 3-ring binder containing 669 slides (mostly color) in 36 slide pages that hold 20 slides each. Most slides are not labeled, but there are some slides scattered throughout the notebook that do have notations about the subject matter written on the cardboard mounts surrounding images. Some of the images appear to be part of a slide show about the Southern Pulpwood Conservation Association. Some may be duplicates of slides filed in slide cases inside the green box labeled "Box of Slides."

4. Box of Slides

Green cardboard box with white lid containing 37 slide cases; 3 slide "magazines," each holding up to 36 slides; and one white envelope holding 4 unidentified slides in metal mounts. To facilitate description and access, numbers were arbitrarily assigned to the slide cases, magazines, and the envelope during processing. Some slide cases have minimal documentation written on them, and a number of the slides have written notations on their cardboard mounts. Where slide mounts contain information, that documentation is quoted in bulleted lists after the general description of the slides within a slide case or magazine. Some may be duplicates of slides filed in the "Slide Notebook."
1. Planting Grass
1 yellow cardboard Kodak slide case holding 21 slides dated May 1973 depicting equipment used to clear land and prepare it for grass planting. Includes images of KG blades (modified bulldozer blades with a sharpened "slicer" on the bottom edge, usually used to remove large numbers of trees and stumps over 4 inches in diameter) and root rakes (bulldozer implements that remove trees, shrubs, and debris from land by raking and then piling the material into piles that will be burned).
2. Wildlife/Wildflowers
1 black/red/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case holding 9 slides of black snakes (3), wild violets (2), blood root flowers (1), wild azalea (1), daffodils by an abandoned cabin in Wilkes County, N.C. (1), and unidentified wildflowers (1). "W" is penned on slide case.
3. Hardwood Management
1 black/red/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case holding 13 slides relating primarily to hardwood forest management on a farm known as Cool Springs Farm. "HM" is penned on slide case.
Improvement cut on RMB Cool Springs Farm, pulpwood removed, 1959
Yellow poplar stand after clearing with Bushax, 1959
Yellow poplar stand.
Wolf tree in good hardwoods
Cove stand of yellow poplar above L. Logan
River Birch, Davie County, North Carolina
Poplar stand needing clearing, Cool Springs Farm.
Pond Cypress, Singletary Lake, stunted probably from fire damage
Young poplar stand needing clearing, Cool Springs Farm, 1959, RMB
Poplars, Joyce Kilmer Memorial Forest, North Carolina
Poplar stand after clearing with Bushax, 1959, Cool Springs Farm, RMB
Poplar stand needing clearing, Cool Springs Farm, 1959
Young yellow poplar stand (bottomland), Davie County, North Carolina
4. Forestry Camp, FC; R. M. Boyce
1 gold cardboard slide case holding 5 slides relating to (1) Camp Hope, a YMCA and Boy Scout camp located in the mountains of western North Carolina; and (2) Singletary Lake State Park in Bladen County, North Carolina, near Elizabethtown. Established in 1936 by the U.S. National Park Service as a recreational demonstration project, Singletary Lake and its surrounding forest land was ceded to the state in 1954 and was first used primarily by Boy Scout troops and 4-H clubs. "FC" is penned on slide case.
North Carolina forestry camp for farm boys, Singletary Lake. Boys estimating the height and board feet of trees
Camp Hope
Pond cypress, Singletary Lake, North Carolina, August 1956
Swimming hole, Camp Hope
Looking Outward to Singletary Lake from the dam
5. Dick Boyce, Hardwood Control (type conversion, land clearing), KG Blade Series
1 gold cardboard slide case holding 16 slides produced ca. 1960 relating to use of plow and bulldozer equipment for land clearing. "HC" is penned on slide case.
Stump of sheared tree KG blade
Bulldozed land prior to planting
One pass with Rome 9,000 lb. harrow only
Ed Jones in front of area to be KG blade cleared
One pass in brush with Rome 9,000 lb. harrow only
Cat D-8, Tom Wynne: height 6 feet 2 inches
D-7 pulling Rome 9,000 lb. harrow
1 pass with KG blade, D-7 Cat
Bulldozed land Cat D-8
Bulldozed, windrowed, and planted to pine
1 pass with Rome KG blade, D-7 Cat
Rome 9,000 lb. double cut harrow
D-7 pulling 9,000 lb. harrow
Sharpening edge of KG blade with portable grinder adapted by Rome
Red oak split by KG blade 'Stinger'
Rome KG blade D-7 in action
6. Tree Identification, Dendrology; R. M. Boyce
1 gold cardboard slide case holding 20 slides showing close-up views of leaf shapes and sizes for various tree species.
American Elm
Black Gum
Eastern Hemlock
Eastern White Pine
Ginkyo
Loblolly Pine
Longleaf Pine
Mockernut Hickory
Norway Maple
Post Oak
River Birch
Shortleaf Pine
Sourwood
Southern Magnolia
Southern Red Oak
Sweet Gum
Virginia Pine
White Oak
Willow Oak
Yellow Poplar (Tulip Tree)
7. Planting (Nursery)
1 black/red/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case containing 9 slides relating primarily to tree planting at a nursery in Morganton, North Carolina. "PL" is penned on slide case.
Cone drying bin, Ed Lane, Georgia
Irrigation pipe at Morganton nursery
Nursery stock seed bed
Pine seedlings
Seed bed at new nursery at Morganton, North Carolina
Virginia pine seedlings at Morganton nursery
White pine seedbed (with last year's loblolly mixed in)
Yellow poplar in nursery
Yellow poplar seedlings in Morganton nursery
8. School Forests (Central School)
1 black/red/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case containing 15 slides relating to forestry instruction and practical vocational training in Iredell County, North Carolina. "SF" is penned on slide case.
Bruno Santorum, vocational agriculture teacher, central school, teaching forestry
Bruno Santorum instructing tree planting
Bruno Santorum, vocational agriculture, central school, Iredell Co., teaching forestry
Central school
Central school forest
Central school forest, crop trees marked, loblolly pine
Central school forest, lob plantation
Central school forest showing marked crop trees
Central FFA, central grange, pulpwood operation
Central FFA school forest, Iredell County, North Carolina, pruning crop trees to height of 17 ft. Ag teacher: Bruno Santorum, in middle
Central FFA School forest, white banded trees are final crop trees (North Carolina tree farm)
Central School (Iredell County) FFA boys planting trees for landowner
Central School planting crew
Central School planting crew with central grange
Pruning on Central School forest
9. Pilot Forest, R. M. Boyce
1 gold cardboard slide case containing 10 slides relating to pilot forests of the Southern Pulpwood Conservation Association. "PF" is penned on slide case.
Pilot forest planting crew
Pilot forest before thinning
Pilot forest sign: "Another pilot forest of the Southern Pulpwood Conservation Association, sponsored by Champion Paper & Fibre Co., Dewey C. Hunsucker, landowner."
Distant view of pilot forest sign displaying same statement as above
Catawba County, North Carolina pilot forest sign
Unlabeled
10. Harvesting Slides
1 red/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case containing 16 slides, none labeled, dated September 1967. Includes scenes of logging equipment at work, men using chain saws to delimb cut trees, logging trucks, etc.
11. Agricultural
1 red/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case containing 2 slides by R. M. Boyce.
Cattle and pines do best - separately
Tobacco hanging in curing barn
Unlabeled
1 red/white/black box cardboard slide case containing 18 slides pertaining mostly to roads.
Eroded roads, etc.
Bedded down road w/ water bars, Spring 1974, Sumter National Forest, west of Greenwood, South Carolina
Belfast script
Includes one page of a text document titled "Historical Belfast is Landmark in Newberry."
Belfast, spring 1974 [View of a large house, driveway, and lawn.]
Belfast, spring 1974. [View of driveway, large tree, and lawn.]
Eroded roads on Gloucester before bedding down, spring 1974, Gloucester.
Piling cleanliness, spring 1974, 05.
Piling cleanliness, spring 1974. [Pile of sticks, tree limbs, and twigs.]
S.S. Letro loader, spring 1974
S.S. log decks and loading area, spring 1974, Letro loader.
Road built by company crew - 06, spring 1974
Road closed to vehicles sign spring 1974, Sumter National Forest, west of Greenwood, South Carolina, landscape management seminar
United States #72 west of Greenwood, South Carolina, spring 1974, APA landscape management seminar area
13. SCL Forestry Day at Sanford, North Carolina - Land Clearing at Edgefield
1 black/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case containing 20 slides, none labeled, dated May 1973. Slides with numbers 1-16 imprinted on the mounts appear to relate to forestry day exhibits; those with numbers 17-21 appear to be land clearing scenes (there is no slide numbered 13).
14. Champ
1 gold cardboard slide case containing 24 slides, supposedly relating to Champion Paper and Fibre Company's Carolina Division in Canton, North Carolina. Includes some duplicate images.
Champ
Forest conservation
Reforestation
Thinning
The end
Demonstrations
Pulpwood operations
Tree improvement
Plantations
Timber stand improvement
15. Pilot Forest, Buncombe County, N.C. - Max Dillingham
1 gold cardboard slide case containing 18 slides, presumably produced by Max Dillingham. All slides are unlabeled and are scenes of this pilot forest. A couple of images show a man perched in or standing next to trees.
16. Unlabeled
1 yellow plastic slide case containing 16 slides possibly relating to natural regeneration of forests. "NR" is penned on slide case.
Dogwood flowers
1st year, 2nd year, and old pine cone
Flowers and cones of yellow poplar
Flowers and flower buds of yellow poplar
Flowers of black cherry (complete flowers)
Fraser magnolia blooms
Loblolly cones
Natural longleaf pine reproduction, Singletary Lake, seedlings are probably 5 years old
Natural shortleaf reproduction
Natural shortleaf reproduction, few month old seedlings
Old and young Virginia pine cones
Pine reproduction in old field
Wilkes County, shortleaf and Virginia pine
Pine staminate and pistillate cones and old cone (Virginia pine)
Red maple seeds in April on tree
A very young cone together with old cones of Virginia pine
Unlabeled (Hardwood Forest Control)
1 red plastic slide case with yellow lid holding 16 slides, probably relating to hardwood forest control. Some of the slides pertain to the use of the herbicide 2,4,5-T, also known as "Agent Orange," as a defolient. "HC" is penned on slide case.
Cull hardwood brush underplanted with loblolly pine, pilot forest
Cull hardwood control 2,4,5-T and frill
Cull hardwood needing removal or deadening
Cull hardwood replacing pine
Cull tree dead after girdling
Effects of 2,4,5-T
Effects of 2,4,5-T on white oak
Effects of 2,4,5-T on white oak 6 months later
Planted seedling in cull brush
Suppressed pine
Suppressed pine in cull hardwood stand
Underplanted white pine needing release
Using tree injector on cull hardwoods
Wolf tree girdled
Unlabeled slide
18. Planting, Machine, Hand
1 red plastic slide case with no lid containing 17 slides relating to tree planting. "PL" is penned on slide case.
Bulldozed and planted Statesville Brick Company
Collecting loblolly cones
Drying cones to extract seed, Austin Pruitt, Georgia
Furrow of loblolly pines behind tree planter, H. C. Lindley's land, Yadkin County, North Carolina, January 3, 1958
H. C. Lindley's land before planting to loblolly. Land was disked twice. Yadkin County, North Carolina, January 3, 1958
Placing seedling in furrow on tree planter
Planted furrow loblolly pine, spacing 7 and 8 feet, H. C. Lindley, Yadkin County, North Carolina, January 3, 1958
Planting crew on Ralph Page land. Area was clearcut, bulldozed, and planted (loblolly)
Planting demonstration in Rockingham County, North Carolina
Planting H. C. Lindley's lands, January 3, 1958
Planting H. C. Lindley's landsYadkin County, North Carolina, January 3, 1958
Statesville Brick land before planting, bulldozed
20-year-old bald cypress planting at old test farm, Statesville, Iredell County, North Carolina
Using Whitfield tree planter placing seedling in furrow
Whitfield 2-seat tree planter, H. C. Lindley's lands, Yadkin County, North Carolina
19. Forest Products
1 red plastic slide case with no lid holding 11 slides showing examples of, the manufacturing of, or the benefits of forest products. "FP" is penned on slide case.
Lutheran church under construction, laminated beams, Statesville, North Carolina
View of lathe for making rollers
Froe, mallet, and tobacco split made of oak
Laminated beams, Lutheran church, Statesville, North Carolina
Cartoon images promoting forest products
20. Hardwoods
1 red plastic slide case with no lid holding 16 slides depicting hardwood forests. "HG" is penned on slide case.
Aerial view: broken forest pattern, South, SPCA
Cove stand of yellow poplar above Lake Logan near Beech Gap (Harry Hensel)
Note: Champion International at one time was owner of forest land surrounding Lake Logan in Haywood County, North Carolina, near Canton.
Cypress swamp
Cypress, Wilmington, North Carolina
Cypress, Wilmington, North Carolina, Bill Morris
Cypress, Wilmington, North Carolina, Bill Morris, N.C. Pulp
Swamp hardwoods, South Carolina
Young river birch stand, Peter Hairston's land, Davie County, North Carolina
Unlabeled scenic mountain view
Initials R.M.B. are written on slide mount.
Cartoon images
21. Ray Orr, Texas
1 red/yellow cardboard Kodachrome slide case with red lid containing 19 unlabeled slides. Most appear to be images of group tours of a forested property and/or forestry operations.
22. Unlabeled
1 yellow cardboard Kodachrome slide case containing 15 slides. Ten slides have numbers and the date of August 1960 imprinted in red on the mounts, and they appear to show group tours of forestry operations. Five slides have nonconsecutive numbers penciled on the mounts, and they represent the Southern Pulpwood Conservation Association.
23. Unlabeled, June 1960
1 yellow cardboard Kodachrome slide case holding 15 slides dated June 1960. Includes scenes of sawmill operations, such as debarking, agricultural equipment and machinery, and a North Carolina forestry camp.
24. Unlabeled, January 1968
1 black/red/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case containing 17 slides dated January 1968. Some slides are duplicates. Includes images depicting charts of the market price of pine sawtimber; maps of the southern Appalachian Mountain region in North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, and South Carolina; and graphs of pine sawtimber cut as pulpwood. Also includes two small negative strips.
25. Unlabeled
1 black/gold/red/white cardboard Technicolor slide case containing 14 unidentified slides dated February 1960. Slide exposures are extremely light and faded. Includes miscellaneous scenes of forestry and logging equipment.
26. Utilization
1 black/red/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case containing 6 slides, some imprinted with the date of December 1960. "U" is penned on slide case.
Chips
Publications using Champion paper
Snipes Lumber Company sawmill
Debarked logs and debarker
Debarked logs
Log Debarker
27. Unlabeled
1 black/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case containing 20 slides, some of which are imprinted with dates of September 1967, January 1967, or June 1968. Some slides relate to logging equipment is use, chart the growth of loblolly pine plantations from 1939 to 1954, and pine plantations. On the box, "Chappells Woodyard Planting at Newberry 2-73" is crossed out.
28. Lewis Herron
5 gold cardboard slide cases containing slides presumably produced by Lewis Herron, a procurement manager for Champion in the 1960s and 1970s.
Unlabeled slide case [28-1] containing 15 slides depicting scenes of forest plantations and tree planting
Unlabeled slide case [28-2] containing 15 slides of extremely light and faded scenes of trees
Unlabeled slide case [28-3] containing 10 slides with light exposures of forest scenes, including several with an airplane that might be a crop duster
Unlabeled slide case [28-4] containing 17 slides labeled with "L.H." on the bottom right corner of slide mounts. Miscellaneous forest images, including several relating to "Cool Springs FFA chapter forestry demonstration, March 1955" and one slide relating to "Forestry demonstration, Bunker Hill FFA chapter."
"Lew Herron? Mostly nursery slides" [28-5]
18 slides relating to tree planting, log transportation, group tours of nurseries, etc.
29. Tree Damage
1 black/red/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case containing 9 slides relating to tree damage. "TD" is penned on slide case.
Cattle eating pine tops when hungry! Owner: Roy Waynick, Midway, North Carolina
Bark of Virginia pine stripped by horse!
Sapsucker damage to shortleaf pine
Pulpwood and some sawlogs from 20 year Loblolly stand. Owner: Roy Waynick, Midway, North Carolina
Snow damage between Siler City and Troy, North Carolina, March 1960
"Whiteface cattle and 20 year Loblolly pines. Cows are actually eating tops from thinned trees!"
"Bark of Virginia pine eaten by horse!"
Sapsucker damage to shortleaf pine
Snow damage loblolly plantation between Siler City and Troy, North Carolina, March 1960
30. "Poor Quality Slides"
1 black/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case containing numerous slides on miscellaneous topics, including views of plowed fields with slight snow cover. Some slides are imprinted with the date January 1973. The "poor quality" moniker seems to apply more to subject matter rather than exposure quality.
Unlabeled
1 red/yellow cardboard Kodak slide case with "dupes" written in ink on front containing 18 slides on miscellaneous topics.
3 year old loblolly girdled by cotton rats
Ektachrome brand slides showing different views of "uniloader with shear, hwd cleanup FMU"
Unlabeled slides on miscellaneous topics, including log loading, tree planting, and cartoons
32. Unidentified Slides
3 metal magazine slide cases containing slides, many cartoons, promoting forests, forestry, and forest products, and 1 envelope containing 4 metal slide mounts, 3 of which hold unidentified slides.
[32-1] Magazine: "No. 1 - Care of the forest helps paper have its day."
Mostly cartoons.
[32-2] Magazine: "Pulp and Paper Week 1960 slides 1-36 Canton set."
Mostly cartoons.
[32-3] Magazine: Unlabeled
Miscellaneous cartoons and scenes of forests and equipment.
[32-4] Envelope: 4 metal magazine mounts, 3 containing unidentified slides
33. "Dupes"
2 yellow cardboard boxes [33-1 and 33-2] containing miscellaneous slides.

5. Unidentified Prints

Fourteen unidentified black-and-white prints in various sizes with a couple of duplicate images. Most are shots, primarily scenic, of a mountain range, perhaps the southern Appalachians. One image has a caption: "Front view of cabin near Indian Gap." Another image is of a large two-story house with second-story screened porches on. Images are filed in a single large brown envelope labeled "Unidentified Prints."

6. United States Forest Service Photographs

Removed to General Forest History Society Photograph Collection Series.
During processing, twenty-four U.S. Forest Service photos (USFS photo ID numbers 02553A, 04210A, 13300A, 16232, 19061, 19400, 57787, 64524, 80036, 92017, 92021, 176380, 176463, [176483], 192237, 208038, 208205, 208207, 208210, 208217, 208219, 208227, 208228, 208230) were removed from this collection and merged with the general Forest History Society Photograph Collection. The images depict various forest scenes from around the United States (Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, North Carolina, and Rhode Island) and date from the early twentieth century. They have little in common with the rest of the International Paper collection besides the fact that some scenes were shot in the southern Appalachians and a few relate to plantation forestry or tree farming. Photocopies of the removed images are filed in a large brown envelope labeled "USFS Photos Removed to General FHS Photo Collection."

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright Notice

The nature of the Forest History Society's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Forest History Society claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Champion International Corporation Image Collection, Library and Archives, Forest History Society, Durham, NC, USA.

Acquisitions Information

Received from Ken Leach, an International Paper employee working in Greenwood, South Carolina, in October 2001.

Incomplete documentation suggests that numerous individuals produced, utilized, and collected the images, mostly in Champion's Canton, North Carolina, office.

Processing Information

Processed by Michele Justice, November 2001

Encoded by Amanda Ross, January 2009

Funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission supported the encoding of this finding aid. Support for digitization and outreach provided by the Alvin J. Huss Endowment.